|Formed 11 October 1991|
Parent agency President of Ukraine
|Preceding agency Defense Council of the
National Security Council|
Headquarters 8, Petro Bolbochan street, Kiev, Ukraine, 01601
Agency executives Petro Poroshenko, Chairman of NSDC Oleksandr Turchynov, Secretary of NSDC
National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Рада національної безпеки і оборони України) or NSDC (Ukrainian: РНБО / RNBO[U]), is an advisory state body to the President of Ukraine.
- Defense Council
- Initial Composition
- National Security Council
- Current Membership Composition
- List of government institutions
It is a state agency tasked with developing a policy of national security on domestic and international matters in advising the President of Ukraine (currently Petro Poroshenko). All the sessions of the council take place in the Presidential Administration Building. The council is currently headed by Oleksandr Turchynov.
The Defense Council was created by the provision of Supreme Council of Ukraine #1658-12 on October 11, 1991. Defense Council was defined as the highest state body of collegiate governing on matters of defense and security of Ukraine with following goals:
On January 23, 1992 the President of Ukraine appointed Myroslav Vitovsky as a secretary of the Defense Council, a position which Vitovsky held until November 30, 1995.
After the establishment and elections of the President of Ukraine the composition of the council was reformed on April 9, 1992 by a provision of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament).
National Security Council
The Council was originally created under temporary provision on July 3, 1992 as the National Security Council, but significantly revamped and strengthened under President Leonid Kuchma in 1994. The council was headed by a Presidential adviser in national security matters:
On August 23, 1994 President of Ukraine adopted new provision for the Council. After the adaptation of the Constitution of Ukraine on June 28, 1996, the provisions of the council (National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine) were outlined in the Article 107. Thus the National Security Council was merged with the already existing Defense Council of Ukraine and was adapted by the Presidential edict on August 30, 1996.
Current Membership / Composition
Beside the President and his/hers secretary the council consists also of the Prime Minister of Ukraine, the Minister of Defense, the Head of Security Service of Ukraine, the Minister of Internal Affairs, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The head of the council is the President of Ukraine assisted by secretary whom he is allowed to appoint. In the absence of existing President of Ukraine such as between elections, the acting chairman of the council is the Prime Minister. The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada is not a member of the council, but he or she is allowed to participate in the meetings. Members of the council may also be other chairmen of government bodies of the Executive branch. Any other individual is only allowed by the special invitation from the Chairman of the Council.
In June 2014 President Petro Poroshenko reshuffled the membership of the council.
If a President resigns, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada will be the acting head of the National Security and Defense Council.
List of government institutions
According to former secretary Andriy Klyuyev 460 people worked at the Council in 2010, while the April 2012 number of employees was 90. President Viktor Yanukovych limited the number of employees of the Council to 180 employees on 9 April 2012.