Siddhesh Joshi

Naftalan, Azerbaijan

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Country  Azerbaijan

Founded  1967
Naftalan, Azerbaijan in the past, History of Naftalan, Azerbaijan

Map of Naftalan, Azerbaijan

Naftalan is a city in Azerbaijan, surrounded by the rayon of Goranboy. It is on an agricultural plain near the Lesser Caucasus Mountains. The word naftalan also means a petroleum product which can be obtained there.

Contents

Naftalan, Azerbaijan in the past, History of Naftalan, Azerbaijan

It is the center of a unique petroleum industry, with a grade of oil referred to as "Naftalan".

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Etymology

Naftalan, Azerbaijan Culture of Naftalan, Azerbaijan

The word Naftalan, can be traced to the Greek word "naphtha" ("νάφθα"), meaning pertaining to oil, and the Azerbaijani suffix "-alan", which is of the verb "to take" (and literally meaning "oil buyer").

History

Naftalan, Azerbaijan mediproitravelsoftwarecomfotografijeitravel27

Archaeological findings in the region date to the 12th century AD. The qualities of Naftalan oil has been known since early times; Marco Polo noted them. The oil in the area was known to people as far as China and India, and was traded by caravans throughout countries of the Near East. Modern use of the oil has dated to the 1870s under Czarist Russia. By 1912, a German joint-stock company was founded to export and trade the oil, which was used as a treatment in the Russo-Japanese War. Research on the properties of the oil continues to be done at Azerbaijan Medical University and the Scientific Arthritis Center of Azerbaijan.

In 2010s, the number of hotels increased in the city after Azerbaijani government's tourism policy.

Petroleum spas

The area is home to petroleum spas (or "oil spas"), once popular vacation spots of the Soviet Union that are making a return in popularity. Oil from these spas is claimed to be an effective treatment against psoriasis, arthritis and rheumatism. At the height of their Soviet-era popularity, the spas in Naftalan had 75,000 visitors a year. The combination of violent ethnic conflict in nearby Nagorno-Karabakh and the end of Soviet-sponsored free trips brought the industry to its knees in the late-1980s. All but one of the older spas were converted into refugee housing. The remaining spa, the Naftalan Therapeutic Center, had 1,000-beds.

Twin towns — Sister cities

Naftalan is twinned with the following cities:

References

Naftalan, Azerbaijan Wikipedia


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