It was granted town status on August 10, 1930, and was called Brezhnev (after Leonid Brezhnev) from 1982 to 1988.
The city of Naberezhnye Chelny was one of the residence centers of the Udmurt Jews, who spoke Udmurtish Yiddish.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, Naberezhnye Chelny serves as the administrative center of Tukayevsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Naberezhnye Chelny is incorporated as Naberezhnye Chelny Urban Okrug.
Kamaz and ZMA trucks are produced there, and the city is one of the largest planned centers in the world related to vehicle production. With more than two square miles dedicated to production, the Kamaz plant is the largest vehicle factory in the world.
SPRUT Technology, Ltd. oldest Russian's developers of PC-based CAx software including SprutCAM was founded at 1987 in Naberezhnye Chelny.
Naberezhnye Chelny is a major railway, motor transport, and aviation hub, known on the Kama river port.
The city has a structural unit of the Kuibyshev Railway JSC "Russian Railways" - Kama KBS railway department, which carries out operational management of transport in the Kama region (railroad Agryz Akbash). Immediately Naberezhnye Chelny city is served by two railway stations.
First, this station Round the field with 28 station ways for receiving and departure of trains, freight yard for loading and unloading cars, sorting slide for the formation and dissolution of the trains.
Second, its cargo-passenger station Naberezhnye Chelny accommodates loading and unloading of wagons supplied by access roads to distribution centers and processing plants. A modern combined train and bus station was built allowing simultaneous reception of 1,500 passengers. The station Naberezhnye Chelny long-distance trains follow a direct line to Moscow, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Izhevsk, Bugul'ma, and in the summer to Adler. Local train service provided flights rail buses to Mendeleyevsk and Bugul'my.
In addition, the city has departmental railway sector, belonging to OJSC "KAMAZ" and JSC "Kamgesenergostroy" that can handle up to 1,200 cars per day.
River port Naberezhnye Chelny allows you to receive treatment under dry cargo and passenger ships mixed "river-sea". It has a dock for the processing, storage of packaged cargoes and containers. Its length is 217 linear meters, with design possibilities for cargo up to 112 tons in the navigation. The port has a river and a passenger station, which can simultaneously dock four vessels. Infrastructure station can serve up to 200,000 passengers for navigation.
International Airport Begishevo serves the cities Nizhnekamsk agglomeration and Nizhnekamsk WPK.Highways
City - a large knot of highways, bus station has numerous suburban and intercity bus routes.
Pass federal highway "Volga"Template:The plate-eu Moscow - Vladimir - Nizhny Novgorod - Kazan - 'Naberezhnye Chelny' - Ufa (entrance to the city Izhevsk and Perm).
entrances to other federal roads (through the city Almetevsk and Bugul'ma):
Urals | | Moscow - Ryazan - Penza - Samara - Ufa
Kazan - Orenburg
Public transport represents 13 tram routes, more than 30 bus routes and taxi, the taxi (including the so-called Social taxi carrying several passengers fares in taxis).
Naberezhnochelninsky tram is one of the latest new tram systems in the USSR and Russia, which is close to the light rail. It was created to provide a large passenger flows between the residential areas of the city and a vast industrial complex KAMAZ and other large enterprises. One of the very few in post-Soviet Russia, a tram system of the city has increased in the 1990s and 2000s, and has plans for further development, including both new construction sites in the city, and creating inter-city light rail line to the Yelabuga, a project which was developed in the Soviet period. Served by the system now LLC "Electric transport".
In the late 1980s - early 1990s there was a project of the city also trolley motion, which was eventually rejected due to dispersion of resources not appropriate in the presence of a large tram system.
Alkonost, a Russian doom-folk metal band, was formed in Naberezhnye Chelny in 1995.
FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is an association football club based in Naberezhnye Chelny, playing in the Russian First Division. Liaocheng, China (since 2009)