Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Myanmar Police Force

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Superseding agency

Myanmar Police Force

1964; 53 years ago (1964)

Minister responsible
Kyaw Swe, Minister of Home Affairs

The Myanmar Police Force, formally known as The People's Police Force (Burmese: ပြည်သူ့ရဲတပ်ဖွဲ့; MLCTS: Pyi Thu Yae Tup Pwe), was established in 1964 as an independent department under the Ministry of Home Affairs. It was reorganised on 1 October 1995 and informally became part of the Tatmadaw (Armed Forces of Myanmar).



The Police Force in Myanmar have an extensive history; the police force also includes local police and regional police in different jurisdictions.

British rule in Myanmar

The Indian Imperial Police was the primary law enforcement in Burma until 1937, when it was split from British India.

In 1872 the third mayor of Mergui District, Sir Ashly Din (1870-1875) assigned the first police officer to be stationed at Maliwan, a village 24 miles north of current Victoria Point.

Perhaps the most famous policeman in Burma from this period is the author George Orwell, who in 1922 joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma.

Post-independence (1948-present)

On 16 March 1988 following the killing of two students during the pro-democracy demonstrations, students marching on Prome Road were confronted near Inya Lake by the Lon Htein security force riot police and many beaten to death or drowned.

The national police are made up of several smaller entities, including

  • Burma Railways Police
  • intelligence division
  • Organisation

    The current Director General of Myanmar Police Force is Police Major General Zaw Win with its headquarters at Nay Pyi Daw. Its command structure is based on established civil jurisdictions. Each of Myanmar's seven states and seven divisions has their own Police Forces with headquarters in the respective capital cities.

    State and Division Police Forces

    There are 14 State and Divisional Police Forces and three additional State/Division Police Forces commanded by Police Brigadier or Colonels. Their jurisdictions are divided according to the Civil Administration. The States and Divisions, Additional States have the same status.

    Each State and Divisional Police Force consist of four components.

  • Office of the Commander of the State and Divisional Police Force
  • Office of the Commander of the District Police Force
  • Office of the Commander of the Township Police Force
  • Police Stations
  • The District Police Forces are classified into two classes depending on the area, population and development, namely A and B Class. Commanders of the A Class District Police Forces are Police Lieutenant Colonels and B Classes are Police Majors. Commanders of Township Police Forces are Police Majors and Police Station Officers are Police Lieutenants.

    Special Departments

    There are four Special Departments, in which the first two Departments are headed by the Police Brigadier Generals and the remaining two are by Police Colonels.

  • Special Intelligence Department (Special Branch)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Railways Police Department
  • City Development Police Department
  • Myanmar Traffic Police
  • Maritime Police force
  • Aviation Police Force
  • Financial Investigation force
  • Anti-human Trafficking Police Force
  • Tourist Security Police Force
  • Oil Field Security Police Force
  • Forestry Security Police Force
  • High Way Police Force
  • Border Guard Police Force
  • Others Major Departments

  • Aviation Police Department
  • Coastal and River Patrol Police Department
  • Highway Partrol Police Department
  • Tourist Police Department
  • Training Centres

    There are three main Training Centers, one Central Training Institute of Myanmar Police Force and Three Police Training Depots. The State and Divisional Police Forces have their own training centres for refresher courses and Junior Leader (NCO) Courses.

    Bachelor's degree holders from Distance Learning University were disqualified to sit SIP exam.Thus vast amount of bachelor holding other rank police personal upset for their future.

    No. 1 Police Training Depot

    The No.1 Police Training Depot is commanded by a Police Lieutenant Colonel and undertakes:

    No. 2 Police Training Depot

    The No.2 Police Training Depot is also commanded by a Police Lieutenant Colonel, and undertakes only Basic Training Course for Constables, which normally takes around 6 months to complete.

    Taung Lay Lone Police Training Depot

    The Taung Lay Lone Police Training Depot is commanded by a Police Lieutenant Colonel and undertakes:

    Reserve Units

    The following units were formed with personnel formerly in the People's Militia Units.

  • Highway Patrol
  • Oil Field/Gas Pipeline Security guards
  • Tourist Police
  • Combat Police Battalions (SWAT)

    There are sixteen Police Battalions to carry out general security duties under the command of Battalion Control Command. The Battalion Commandants are Police Lieutenant Colonels. As the populace of the cities including Yangon and Mandalay have been increased day after day, problems on social, economy and politics are risen up that could lead to emergence of civil unrest and sabotage. It is necessary to prevent from destruction and harassment, VIP and project factories and workshops, security of diplomats and their embassies. Seven of these Police Battalions are situated in the Yangon Divisional areas and two in Mandalay and three in Arakan, one in Sagaing, one in Mon State, one in Pegu, one in Prome.

    These specially-trained and combat capable battalions are formed with personnel from former Riot Security Police, better known as "Lon Htein" Units. Each battalion consists of 500+ personnel and these battalions are supported by two support battalions, which include signal and medical units. These battalions structure are similar to that of Army's Light Infantry Battalions and they are subordonate to their respective Regional Military Commands.

  • 1st Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Hlawga)
  • 2nd Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Maungtaw)
  • 3rd Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Shwemyayar)
  • 4th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Patheingyi)
  • 5th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Hmawbi)
  • 6th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Shwepyitha)
  • 7th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Kyauktan)
  • 8th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Mingaladon)
  • 9th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Hlaingthaya)
  • 10th Combat Police Battalion
  • 11th Combat Police Battalion
  • 12th Combat Police Battalion
  • 14th Combat Police Battalion (HQ at Pa Lake, Mandalay)
  • 15th Combat Police Battalion
  • 16th Combat Police Battalion
  • Anti-Narcotic Task Forces

    26 special anti-narcotic task forces have been established under the direction of the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control.

    Weapons and equipment

    Myanmar Police Force uses wide range of weapons and ammunitions, ranging from Second World War vintage to modern sophisticated weapons. Most of the weapons are either seized from ethnic wars and narco-insurgents or locally produced copies of the G3 and other weapons phased out of their army.

    SWAT battalions are armed with relatively modern small arms and members of MPF who are stationed in local police stations within States and Divisional Police Forces and those providing general guard duties at various government establishments and public places such as airports, train and bus stations, along with officers and detectives, are issued with Second World War vintage weapons.


  • Enfield revolver
  • Colt Detective Special
  • Browning Hi-Power
  • Sub machine gun

  • Heckler & Koch MP5
  • Ka Pa Sa BA-52
  • Sten Gun
  • Rifles

  • M1 carbine
  • M1 Garand
  • Lee–Enfield Rifles
  • AK-47 series(Include Chinese Type 56)
  • M16 rifle
  • Norinco CQ
  • Ka Pa Sa BA63
  • Machine gun

  • Bren Gun
  • Ka Pa Sa BA64
  • Sniper rifle

  • M40 rifle (seized from ethnic and narcotic insurgents)
  • Ka Pa Sa BA100
  • Non-Lethal Weapons

  • Taser
  • Pepper Spray cans
  • Pepper-spray projectile gun
  • Pepperball
  • Rubber, beanbag, & plastic bullet
  • Baton
  • Riot shield
  • M84 stun grenade
  • Tear gas
  • M6/M7 series chemical grenade
  • Sting grenade
  • Fleets

    Cars and Trucks

  • Mitsubishi Montero SUV(confiscated item)
  • Land Rover Donated by Foreign Organisations for Drugs Enforcement.
  • Honda CBX750 motorcycle (For Pilot and Point)
  • Mercedes Benz C-class sedan (confiscated item)
  • Toyota Dyna paddy wagon (Private Owned Vehicles called as volunteer)
  • Toyota Tiger Double Cab,confiscated item (Used by escort team, patrol)
  • Mitsubishi Double Cab,confiscated item (Used by Police Col, Yangon)
  • Mitsubishi Pickup confiscated item (Used by Township Police Station, Yangon)
  • Mitsubishi Pickup confiscated item (Used by Police Lt Col, Yangon)
  • Toyota Pickup confiscated item (Used by Township Police Station, Yangon)
  • FAW Pickup
  • Honda Saloon, Patrol car
  • Jeep, Used by police station
  • Mazda pick-up, Used by police station
  • Toyota Celica, used as a high-speed police chasing car to arrest undisciplined sports car
  • Nissan Fairlady Z, used as a police lead vehicle and as a high-speed police car to arrest undisciplined sports car
  • Motorcycles

  • Honda design Chinese motorcycle (confiscated item, these motorcycles were used by motor vehicles police, Township Police and their informer illegal and without registration number)
  • Boat and Craft

    River Patrol Boat

  • Motorboat
  • Rail Vehicle

  • Rail Patrol Vehicle
  • Awards, commendations, citations and medals

    [1] Awards


    Myanmar Police Force Wikipedia

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