Harman Patil (Editor)


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ATC code  none
Synonyms  SPC3649
PubChem CID  56843415
Legal status  Investigational
CAS Number  1072874-90-8
Miravirsen Antiviral Proof of Concept Study of Miravirsen an
Routes of administration  Intravenous or subcutaneous injection

Miravirsen (INN; codenamed SPC3649) is an experimental drug for the treatment of hepatitis C, being developed by Santaris Pharma.



Mechanism of action

Miravirsen FINAL RESULTS Randomized Doubleblind Placebocontrolled Safety

Miravirsen is a short modified RNA molecule that is applied by intravenous or subcutaneous injection. It reaches the liver and binds to the human microRNA called miR-122; this mechanism makes it an antisense RNA. Miravirsen can also bind to the precursors of miR-122 with nanomolar affinity, inhibiting its biogenesis. The hepatitis C virus needs miR-122 to multiply, but cannot utilise it if bound by miravirsen.

Potential side effects

Miravirsen Closing Summary by JeanMichel Pawlotsky New HCV Drug Development

As miR-122 has tumour protective properties in liver cells, concerns about a possible risk of hepatic cancer have been voiced. The drug did not induce liver toxicity in non-human primates, nor in a human study.

Chemical properties

Miravirsen httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Miravirsen is a modified oligonucleotide consisting of a chain of 15 nucleotides, the base sequence of which is designed to selectively bind to miR-122. Seven of the 15 sugar units are desoxyriboses, and the other eight are riboses with an additional bridge between the 2' oxygen and the 4' carbon atoms; this makes the molecule a locked nucleic acid. Furthermore, the phosphate units have been replaced by thiophosphates.

The complete base sequence is

mC*-dC-A*-dT-dT-G*-mU*-dC-dA-mC*-dA-mC*-dT-mC*-mC* [d = 2'-deoxy, * = 2'-O,4'-C-methylene, i.e. bridged or "locked" sugar]

with 3'→5' thiophosphate linkages.


Miravirsen Treating hepatitis C by blocking a cellular microRNA

Miravirsen reduced HCV viremia in a small-scale trial in chimpanzees and was found to be safe in a clinical trial in 27 humans over eight to eleven weeks.

Miravirsen Treatment of HCV Infection by Targeting MicroRNA NEJM

The drug underwent a Phase IIa trial in which patients were randomly assigned to placebo groups or one of the three multiple ascending dose groups (3 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, 7 mg/kg of miravirsen). The naïve patients were given 5 weekly doses of miravirsen via subcutaneous injection for four weeks, and 4 out of 9 patients receiving the highest dose (7 mg/kg) exhibited significant decrease in hepatitis C virus RNA (p<0.001). The result was sustained even 10 weeks after the last miravirsen administration.


Miravirsen Wikipedia

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