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Military Intelligence Directorate (Israel)

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Covid-19
Common name  Aman
National agency  Israel
Founder  Chaim Herzog
Employees  classified
Governing body  IDF General Staff
Founded  1948
Military Intelligence Directorate (Israel) httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediaenthumbd
Legal personality  Governmental: Government agency
General nature  Law enforcement Civilian agency
Similar  Israeli Intelligence Corps, Unit 8200, General Staff of the Israel Def, Mossad, Northern Command

Military intelligence directorate israel


The Directorate of Military Intelligence (Hebrew: אגף המודיעין‎‎, Agaf HaModi'in – lit. "the Intelligence Section"; Arabic: شعبة الاستخبارات العسكرية‎‎), often abbreviated to Aman (Hebrew: אמ"ן‎‎; Arabic: آمان‎‎), is the central, overarching military intelligence body of the Israel Defense Forces. Aman was created in 1950, when the Intelligence Department was spun off from the IDF's General Staff (the Intelligence Department itself was composed largely of former members of the Haganah Intelligence Service). Aman is an independent service, and not part of the ground forces, Navy or the Air Force.

Contents

It is one of the main entities (and the largest component) of the Israeli Intelligence Community, along with Mossad and Shin Bet. It is currently headed by Major General Herzi Halevi. It includes the special forces unit Sayeret Matkal, and the elite training course Havatzalot Program.

Roles and jurisdiction

The IDF's Intelligence Corps (חיל המודיעין), abbreviated as Haman (חמ"ן) and headed by a brigadier general, has been detached from Aman since the Yom Kippur War, but remains under its jurisdiction.

In April 2000, the newest IDF corps was founded (the IDF's fifth land corps), the Combat Intelligence Collection Corps (חיל מודיעין השדה), abbreviated as Modash (מוד"ש). It was designed to fulfill some of Aman's former combat intelligence functions, and is also headed by a Brigadier General. Although it falls under the operational jurisdiction of the GOC Army Headquarters it also falls under Aman's professional jurisdiction.

In 1976, according to the Lexicon of National Security, some of Aman's principal roles consisted of:

  1. Intelligence evaluation for security policy, military planning and "fluid security policy," and the dissemination of intelligence to IDF and governmental bodies.
  2. Field security at the level of the General Staff (today, Matkal: מטכ"ל), and the training and operation of field security in general (all levels).
  3. The operation of military censorship.
  4. Direction and operation of the 'Collection Agencies'.
  5. Drawing maps; providing the direction and supervision for the dissemination of maps.
  6. The development of 'special measures' for intelligence work.
  7. The development of intelligence doctrine in the realms of research, collection, and field security.
  8. Staff responsibility for military attachés overseas.

Units

Aman consists of the following subordinate and professionally subordinate units:

Staff units

  • Intelligence Corps
  • Collection Department
  • Collection units

  • Unit 8200
  • Hatzav Unit
  • Visual Intelligence Branch
  • HUMINT Branch
  • Camp 1391
  • Research

  • Research Department
  • Information security

  • Information Security Department
  • Military Censor [Part of Aman, but an entirely independent unit, not subordinate to any military or political level, only to parliamentary and judicial oversight]
  • Other units

  • Supervision Department
  • External Relations Department
  • Sayeret Matkal
  • Havatzalot Program
  • Ro'im Rachok
  • Professionally subordinate units

  • Air Intelligence Directorate: the intelligence unit of the Israeli Air Force
  • Naval Intelligence Department: the intelligence unit of the Israeli Sea Corps
  • The intelligence units of the Regional Commands: Central, Northern, Southern and Home Front Commands
  • Center for Consciousness Operations: a psychological warfare unit of the Operations Directorate
  • List of directors

    The head of Aman is the senior intelligence officer in the IDF and engages in intelligence decision and policy-making at the same level as the heads of the Shabak and the Mossad: together, they form the three highest-ranking, co-equal heads of the Israeli Intelligence Community, focusing on the military, domestic (including the Palestinian territories), and foreign intelligence fronts respectively.

    On June 10, 2005, then-IDF's Chief of Staff, Lieutenant General Dan Halutz, in a move viewed as surprising, announced that Major General Aharon Zeevi-Farkash would be replaced by Major General Amos Yadlin. Yadlin, who had been serving as the IDF's military attaché in Washington, D.C., was a combat pilot, former head of the air force's Air Intelligence Directorate, and Halutz's deputy. Yadlin was appointed as Aman Director on January 5, 2006, with Zeevi-Farkash having served an extended term. In November 2010 Yadlin was replaced by Major General Aviv Kochavi.

  • 1948–1949: Isser Be'eri
  • 1949–1950: Colonel Chaim Herzog
  • 1950–1955: Colonel Binyamin Gibli
  • 1955–1959: Major General Yehoshafat Harkabi
  • 1959–1962: Major General Chaim Herzog
  • 1962–1963: Major General Meir Amit
  • 1964–1972: Major General Aharon Yariv
  • 1972–1974: Major General Eli Zeira
  • 1974–1978: Major General Shlomo Gazit
  • 1979–1983: Major General Yehoshua Saguy
  • 1983–1985: Major General Ehud Barak
  • 1986–1991: Major General Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
  • 1991–1995: Major General Uri Sagi
  • 1995–1998: Major General Moshe Ya'alon
  • 1998–2001: Major General Amos Malka
  • 2001–2006: Major General Aharon Zeevi-Farkash
  • 2006–2010: Major General Amos Yadlin
  • 2010–2014: Major General Aviv Kokhavi
  • 2014–present: Major General Herzi Halevi
  • References

    Military Intelligence Directorate (Israel) Wikipedia


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