Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Middle America (Americas)

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Population (2007)

2.729 million km²

21 Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Belize Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Mexico Nicaragua Panama St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago

19 Anguilla (UK) Aruba (NL) Bonaire (NL) British Virgin Islands (UK) Curacao (NL) Cayman Islands (UK) Clipperton Island (FR) Guadeloupe (FR) Martinique (FR) Montserrat (UK) Navassa Island (US) Puerto Rico (US) Saba (NL) Saint Barthélemy (FR) Saint Martin (FR) Sint Eustatius (NL) Sint Maarten (NL) Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) US Virgin Islands (US)

$1.416 229 trillion (PPP, 2005 est.)

Major languages
Spanish, English, Mayan, French, Haitian Creole, Antillean Creole, and others

UTC -4:00 (Barbados) to UTC -8:00 (Mexico)

Middle America is a region in the mid-latitudes of the Americas. In southern North America, it usually comprises Mexico, the nations of Central America, and the Caribbean. In northern South America, is usually comprises of Colombia and Venezuela. The Caribbean is occasionally excluded from the region; and the Guianas are infrequently included.

Physiographically, Middle America marks the territorial transition between the rest of North America and South America, connecting yet separating the two. On the west, the Middle American mainland comprises the tapering, isthmian tract of the American landmass between the southern Rocky Mountains in the southern United States and the northern tip of the Andes in Colombia, separating the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Atlantic Ocean (viz. the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea) on the east, while the Greater and Lesser Antilles form an island arc in the east. The region developed sub-aerially southward from North America as a complex volcanic arc-trench system during the Early Cretaceous period, eventually forming the land bridge during the Pliocene epoch when its southern end (at Panama) collided with South America through tectonic action.

Occasionally, the term Middle America is used synonymously with Central America (compare with Middle Africa and Central Africa). In English, the term is uncommonly used as a synonym of the term Mesoamerica (or Meso-America), which generally refers to an ancient culture region situated in Middle America extending approximately from central Mexico to northern Costa Rica. In addition, some residents of the region (e.g., Costa Ricans and Nicaraguans) may be referred to as Meso-Americans or Central Americans but not, however, as Middle Americans, which refers to a particular constituency in the United States.


Middle America (Americas) Wikipedia

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