Michel Ledoux (born 1958) is a French mathematician, specializing in probability theory. He is a professor at the University of Toulouse.
Ledoux received in 1985 his Ph.D. from the University of Strasbourg with thesis Propriétés limites des variables aléatoires vectorielles which was made under the supervision of Xavier Fernique.
He has done important research on the isoperimetric inequality in analysis and probability theory.
In 2010 he received the Servant Prize of the French Academy of Sciences. In 2014 he was an invited speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Seoul and gave a talk Heat flows, geometric and functional inequalities.with Dominique Bakry and Ivan Gentil: Analysis and Geometry of Markov Diffusion Operators, Springer, 2014 (ISBN 978-3-319-00226-2).
with Michel Talagrand: Probability in Banach spaces, Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer Grenzgebiete, Springer Verlag 1991, 2nd edition 2002
Isoperimetry and Gaussian analysis, Ecole d'été de Probabilités de St-Flour 1994. Lecture Notes in Math. 1648, Springer Verlag 1996, pp. 165–294.
The concentration of measure phenomenon. Introduction, References, Mathematical Surveys and Monographs 89, American Mathematical Society, 2001, 2nd edition 2005
with P. Barbe Probabilité, Belin 1998, EDP Sciences 2007