Michael James Hugh Alison (27 June 1926 – 28 May 2004) was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.
Born in Margate, Kent, Alison was educated at Eton College, Wadham College, Oxford and Ridley Hall, Cambridge. He was a councillor on Kensington Borough Council 1956–59 and a research worker on foreign affairs at the Conservative Research Department from 1958–64.
He was Member of Parliament for Barkston Ash from the 1964 general election until that constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election, and then for the constituency of Selby which replaced it, from 1983 until he stood down at the 1997 general election.
He held various junior ministerial posts under Margaret Thatcher, including serving as her Parliamentary Private Secretary and as a Minister of State. For ten years from 1987 he was the Second Church Estates Commissioner.
In 1958 he married Sylvia Haigh, with whom he would have two sons and a daughter. His son, James, is a noted Christian theologian and advocate of the acceptance of homosexuals in the Church.