Member of Lok Sabha of India
Seat Parliament of India
Reports to Speaker
Term length Five years
A Member of Parliament of Lok Sabha (Hindi: सांसद, लोक सभा) (abbreviated: MP) is the representative of the Indian people to the Lok Sabha; the lower house of the Parliament of India. Members of Parliament of Lok Sabha are chosen by direct elections on the basis of the adult suffrage. Parliament of India is bicameral with two houses; Rajya Sabha (Upper house i.e. Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (Lower house i.e. House of the People). The maximum permitted strength of Members of Parliament in the Lok Sabha is 552. This includes maximum 530 members to represent the constituencies and states, up to 20 members to represent the Union Territories (both chosen by direct elections) and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian community to be nominated by the President of India. The majority party in the Lok Sabha chooses the Prime Minister of India.
The first instance of Member of Parliament equivalent in India dates back to 9 December 1946, the day Constituent Assembly of India was formed with the purpose of drafting a constitution for India. As opposed to be elected on the basis of adult suffrage, the Constituent Assembly of India consisted of indirectly elected representatives and were not categorized between Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. Muslims and Sikhs were given special representation as minorities. The Constituent Assembly of India took 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to draft the Constitution for Independent India and was dissolved in 1949.
On 26 January 1950, the Indian Constitution came into force and the first general elections (under the new constitution) were held in 1951-1952. The 1st Lok Sabha was constituted on 17 April 1952 and had 489 constituencies, thereby first set of elected Members of Parliament of Lok Sabha in India.
A person must satisfy all following conditions to be qualified to become a Member of Parliament of the Lok Sabha;
A person would be ineligible for being a Member of the Lok Sabha if the person;
The term of a Member of Parliament of Lok Sabha (unless dissolved) is five years from the date appointment for its first meeting. During a state of emergency, the term however can be extended by the Parliament of India by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time. After the state of emergency ends, the extension cannot exceed beyond a period of six months.
Responsibilities of Members of Parliament
Broad responsibilities of the Members of parliament of Lok Sabha are;
Salary, allowances and entitlements
The Salary, allowances and pension of Member of the Lok Sabha is governed by "Members of Parliament Act, 1954". The act is in pursuance to the constitutional provisions where article 106 of the Constitution of India provides that the members of either House of Parliament shall be entitled to receive such salaries and allowances as may from time to time be determined by Parliament by law.
The rules governing salaries, allowances and facilities such as medical, housing, telephone facilities, daily allowance etc. is looked after by a joint committee of both the houses (Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha). The committee is constituted from time to time after consultation with the Government of India.
Article 81 of the Constitution of India 1949 has specified the maximum strength of Members of Parliament in the Lok Sabha to be 552. Total strength during in the 16th Lok Sabha is 545 against approved strength of 552. The number of Members of parliament is distributed among the States in such a way that the ratio between the number of seats allotted to each State and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States. Out of the maximum permitted strength,
"Strength of Member of Parliament in Lok Sabha as defined in Article 81 of the Constitution of India",(1) Subject to the provisions of article 331, the House of the People shall consist of (a) not more than 530 (five hundred and thirty members) chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the States, and (b) not more than 20 (twenty members) to represent the Union territories, chosen in such manner as Parliament may by law provide. (2) For the purposes of sub-clause (a) of clause (1), (a) there shall be allotted to each State a number of seats in the House of the People in such manner that the ratio between that number and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States; and (b) each State shall be divided into territorial constituencies in such manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it is, so far as practicable, the same throughout the State: (Provided that the provisions of sub-clause (a) of this clause shall not be applicable for the purpose of allotment of seats in the House of the People to any State so long as the population of that State does not exceed six millions.) (3) In this article, the expression “population” means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published: (Provided that the reference in this clause to the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published shall, until the relevant figures for the first census taken after the year 2026 have been published).
Members of the Lok Sabha
Members of the lower house of the Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha) were elected in the Indian general election, 2014 held in April–May 2014. The total strength of the 16th Lok Sabha is 545, against the approved strength of 552.
Number of constituencies: 1951-2014
The following is a list of the number of constituencies in the Lok Sabha in each election year, beginning in 1951. The numbers do not include 2 seats from the Anglo-Indian community, to which individuals are nominated by the President of India.