Members of the 16th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2014 Indian general election. The elections were conducted in 9 phases from 7 April 2014 to 12 May 2014 by the Election Commission of India. The results of the election were declared on 16 May 2014. The Bharatiya Janata Party (of the NDA) achieved an absolute majority with 282 seats out of 543. Its PM candidate Narendra Modi took office on 26 May 2014 as the 15th prime minister of independent India. The first session was scheduled to be convened from June 4 to June 11, 2014. There is no leader of the opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha as the Indian Parliament rules state that a party in the Lok Sabha must have at least 10% of total seats (545) in order to be considered the opposition party. The Indian National Congress (of the UPA) could only manage 44 seats while the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party from Tamil Nadu came a close third with 37 seats. Mallikarjun Kharge has been declared the leader of the Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha.
Speaker: Sumitra Mahajan, BJP
Deputy Speaker: M. Thambidurai, AIADMK
Leader of the House: Narendra Modi, BJP
Leader of the Opposition: None, as no opposition party/coalition received 10% membership of the House. The single largest opposition party currently is the Indian National Congress, with 45 seats.
Secretary General: Anoop Mishra
16th Lok Sabha Wikipedia
Following 36 political parties are represented in 16th Lok Sabha:
About one-third of all winners had at least one pending criminal case against them, with some having serious criminal cases.
* Criteria for "serious" criminal cases:
- Offence for which maximum punishment is of 5 years or more.
- If an offence is non-bailable.
- If it is an electoral offence (e.g. IPC 171E or bribery).
- Offence related to loss to exchequer.
- Offences that are assault, murder, kidnap, rape related.
- Offences that are mentioned in Representation of the People Act (Section 8).
- Offences under Prevention of Corruption Act.
- Crimes against women.
Compared to the 15th Lok Sabha, there is an increase of members with criminal cases. In 2009, 158 (30%) of the 521 members analysed had criminal cases, of which 77 (15%) had serious criminal cases.
Out of the 542 members analysed, 443 (82%) are having assets of ₹1 crore (US$150,000) or more. In the 15th Lok Sabha, out of 521 members analysed, 300 (58%) members had assets of ₹1 crore (US$150,000) or more.
The average assets per member are ₹14.7 crore (US$2.2 million) (in 2009, this figure was ₹5.35 crore (US$800,000)).