The Collaborative Crop Research Program (CCRP) funds participatory, collaborative research on agroecological intensification (AEI). Funded projects typically link international, national, and local organizations with communities of smallholder farmers, researchers, development professionals, and other parties. Projects work together as part of a Community of Practice to generate technical and social innovations to improve nutrition, livelihoods, and productivity for farming communities in Africa and South America. Large-scale impact is realized when new ideas, technologies, or processes are adapted, when insights from research catalyze change in policy and practice, and when innovation inspires further success. The program is under the direction of Rebecca J. Nelson of Cornell University and Jane Maland Cady of the McKnight Foundation.
The McKnight Foundation began funding crop research in 1983 with the Plant Biology Program and granted $18 million through the program from 1983 to 1992. The CCRP began in 1993 with a $12 million, six-year effort to support agricultural research in developing countries.
In 2000, McKnight committed another $41.5 million over nine years. In late 2001 and mid-2002, the CCRP's Advisory Committee met to design the strategy for the next phase of grantmaking and identified specific topics for funding.
In 2006, the CCRP adopted a place-based strategy for grantmaking, directing its investments to regional communities of practice in the Andes; West Africa; and Southern Africa.
In 2008, the Foundation committed $47 million over ten years for the next phase of funding for the program. In addition, the CCRP received a five-year $26.7 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This phase of funding allowed for the formation of an additional community of practice in East & Horn of Africa as well as additional resources to allow for more technical support to grantees from regional teams and other support persons.
In 2013, The McKnight Foundation received a renewal grant from the Gates Foundation to continue building CCRP programs. This funding will allow the CCRP to increase its focus on the integration of legumes into the cropping systems of Mali, Burkina Faso, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Tanzania as well as Niger, Kenya, Malawi, and Mozambique. Legumes are very important to African agriculture. They're a major source of dietary protein and help sustain more fertile soils. And they tend to be more adaptable than other crops to drought, low nutrients, and other soil and climatic extremes.
Central to the CCRP’s place-based approach is the formation of four regional communities of practice (CoPs) in Africa and South America, where hunger and poverty levels are among the highest in the world. Grantees within these communities work together to strengthen institutional capacity to generate knowledge and spark innovation in agriculture research and development. The CoP model emphasizes networking, learning, and collective action.
Andes CoP (Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru) The Andes CoP supports integrated and diverse production systems that embrace conservation and native agricultural biodiversity as part of its goal to raise the profile of traditional knowledge and understanding its relationship to scientific research. Funding is directed toward conservation of agricultural biodiversity, breeding and variety selection, seed systems, integrated crop and pest management, risk management and climate variability, nutrition, soil fertility management, and market development.
East & Horn of Africa CoP (Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda) The E&HAf CoP aims to improve performance of farming systems primarily through support for crop diversification, for crop improvement and diversification, and an emphasis on management strategies that enhance crop access to scarce soil nutrients and water resources and reduce pest and disease losses. The CoP is also turning attention to post-harvest issues such as consumption, storage, transformation, and markets to increase the likelihood that greater crop diversity will lead to better diets and livelihoods.
Southern Africa CoP (Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania) The SAf CoP supports research on constraints to legume productivity, including foliar diseases, parasitic weeds, low availability of nitrogen and phosphorus as well as access to good quality planting seed. Recently the CoP has expanded its focus to include improvements in crop productivity and post-harvest practices; links between household food security and improved nutrition and incomes, with particular attention to the threat of aflatoxin contamination; and cross-cutting research in agriculture policy and communication.
West Africa CoP (Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger) The WAf CoP is striving to improve productivity and nutritional content of cereals (sorghum, pearl millet, and fonio) and grain legumes (cowpea, groundnut, and Bambara groundnut) as well as other traditional or introduced crops . Strengthening farming systems demands continued attention to improved soil and water conservation and agronomic management; better seed varieties and seed distribution systems; integrated pest management; strengthened and diversified value chains; improved diets and nutrition; and improved income and education for farming families.
Each CoP is supported by a regional team consisting of a regional representative, a liaison scientist, a monitoring and evaluation specialist, and a research methods specialist. The regional team's activities include support for grantmaking processes and support for funded project teams. Each regional team develops a regional analysis, strategy, and plan to inform regional grantmaking. The regional representative and liaison scientist work with potential grantees to support development of proposals. The regional team builds relationships with project teams and helps project members and other stakeholders connect to each other to foster learning and inspiration. The regional team conducts site visits and provides feedback to project teams on annual reports and project meetings. Research methods support is provided in a range of formats, including meetings with individual teams, workshops, and online forums. Similarly, integrated monitoring, evaluation, and planning support is provided through individual consultants and workshops.
Yapuchiris II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/yapuchiris-ii
Water security II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/water-security-ii
Sustainable Production of Quinoa http://www.ccrp.org/projects/sustainable-production-quinoa
Soil nutrient budgets http://www.ccrp.org/projects/soil-nutrient-budgets
Seed systems http://www.ccrp.org/projects/seed-systems-0
Quinoa sustainability http://www.ccrp.org/projects/quinoa-sustainability
Quinoa III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/quinoa-iii
Potato moth http://www.ccrp.org/projects/potato-moth
Plot Diversification http://www.ccrp.org/projects/plot-diversification
Organic groundnut III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/organic-groundnut-iii
On-farm Conservation http://www.ccrp.org/projects/farm-conservation
Nutrition support http://www.ccrp.org/projects/nutrition-support
Native potato seed systems http://www.ccrp.org/projects/native-potato-seed-systems
Local Markets Cuzco http://www.ccrp.org/projects/local-markets-cuzco
Green manures/legumes http://www.ccrp.org/projects/green-manureslegumes
Food Sovereignty http://www.ccrp.org/projects/food-sovereignty
Food security http://www.ccrp.org/projects/food-security
Impact assessment of Quinoa http://www.ccrp.org/projects/financial-analysis-service-impact-assessment-quinoa
Cover agriculture in the highland Andes http://www.ccrp.org/projects/cover-agriculture-highland-andes
Community baskets II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/community-baskets-ii
Communal agricultural risk management http://www.ccrp.org/projects/communal-agricultural-risk-management
CLOSAN Impact Evaluation http://www.ccrp.org/projects/closan-impact-evaluation
Climate risk management http://www.ccrp.org/projects/climate-risk-management
Biopesticide/potato moth http://www.ccrp.org/projects/biopesticidepotato-moth
Biodiversity of Andean tubers http://www.ccrp.org/projects/biodiversity-andean-tubers
Biodiversity and soil conservation http://www.ccrp.org/projects/biodiversity-soil-conservation
Andean pests http://www.ccrp.org/projects/andean-pests
Andean Grain III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/andean-grain-iii
Agrobiodiversity and Nutrition II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/agrobiodiversity-nutrition-ii
Soil fertility management http://www.ccrp.org/projects/soil-fertility-management
PV groundnut http://www.ccrp.org/projects/pv-groundnut
P-Efficient Legumes III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/p-efficient-legumes-iii
Legume Best Bets III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/legume-best-bets-iii
Groundnut postharvest value chain http://www.ccrp.org/projects/groundnut-postharvest-value-chain
Groundnut Breeding III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/groundnut-breeding-iii
Cowpea resistance to Alectra II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/cowpea-resistance-alectra-ii
Cowpea Alectra III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/cowpea-alectra-iii
Climbing Beans II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/climbing-beans-ii
Bruchid management II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/bruchid-management-ii
Botanical pesticides/legumes http://www.ccrp.org/projects/botanical-pesticideslegumes
Bean Seed Delivery II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/bean-seed-delivery-ii
Bambara Groundnut III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/bambara-groundnuts-iii
Women ag production systems http://www.ccrp.org/projects/women%E2%80%99s-ag-production-systems
Technology Introduction http://www.ccrp.org/projects/technology-introduction
Sorghum/millet improvement II http://www.ccrp.org/projects/sorghummillet-improvement-ii
Sorghum and millet improvement http://www.ccrp.org/projects/sorghum-millet-improvement
Soil and water conservation http://www.ccrp.org/projects/soil-water-conservation
Seed Systems Niger http://www.ccrp.org/projects/seed-systems-niger
Seed Systems III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/seed-systems-iii
Pathways to AEI http://www.ccrp.org/projects/pathways-aei
P-efficient cowpea http://www.ccrp.org/projects/p-efficient-cowpea
Grain Processing IV http://www.ccrp.org/projects/grain-processing-iv
Grain legumes http://www.ccrp.org/projects/grain-legumes
GIMEM III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/gimem-iii
Fonio III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/fonio-iii
Farmer-Led Research Networks http://www.ccrp.org/projects/farmer-led-research-networks
Farmer-led AEI in Burkina Faso http://www.ccrp.org/projects/farmer-led-agroecological-intensification-burkina-faso
Farmer Knowledge http://www.ccrp.org/projects/farmer-knowledge
Dual-Purpose Sorghum and Cowpeas http://www.ccrp.org/projects/dual-purpose-sorghum-cowpeas
Bambara Nut II & III http://www.ccrp.org/projects/bambara-nut-ii-iii
Bambara groundnut productivity http://www.ccrp.org/projects/bambara-groundnut-productivity