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Matthew Baillie

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Nationality  Scottish
Siblings  Joanna Baillie
Fields  Pathology
Role  Physician
Name  Matthew Baillie

Matthew Baillie httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Institutions  Royal College of Physicians
Alma mater  University of Glasgow University of Oxford
Died  September 23, 1823, Duntisbourne Abbots, United Kingdom
Books  The morbid anatomy of some of the most important parts of the human body
Education  University of Glasgow, University of Oxford

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Matthew Baillie FRS FRSE FRCP FRCSE FRSE (27 October 1761 – 23 September 1823, Duntisbourne, Gloucestershire, England) was a Scottish-born physician and pathologist.


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He was born in Shotts Manse in Lanarkshire, the son of Prof Rev James Baillie and Dorothea Hunter. His sister was the poet Joanna Baillie. He was a pupil of his uncle, the anatomist John Hunter and his father-in-law, Dr. Thomas Denman, a pre-eminent obstetrician in London at the turn of the nineteenth century, whose textbook on childbirth had been first published in 1788. Baillie was educated at the Old Grammar School of Hamilton (renamed the Hamilton Academy in 1848), the University of Glasgow, and obtained his MD from the University of Oxford in 1789, having been named Snell Exhibitioner in 1779.

On his death in 1783 his uncle William Hunter bequeathed him £5,000, his house in Great Windmill Street, plus the adjacent medical school and museum. Baillie taught at the school from 1783 to 1803.

He then taught anatomy and was appointed Physician at St George's Hospital in 1789, but gave up both posts to establish his own medical practice in Grosvenor Square, becoming Physician in Ordinary to George III. He became Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1790, specialising in morbid anatomy.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1790 and delivered their Croonian Lecture in 1791 (on the subject of muscles).

Baillie died of tuberculosis in 1823 in Duntisbourne at the age of 61 and was buried in Duntisbourne Abbots, Gloucestershire. He had married Sophia Denman, the sister of Thomas Denman.


His 1793 book, The Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body, is considered the first systematic study of pathology, and the first publication in English on pathology as a separate subject. He is credited with first identifying transposition of the great vessels (TGV) and situs inversus.


  • The Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body (1793)
  • Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus, by William Hunter published by Baillie (1794)
  • A Series of Engravings, tending to illustrate the Morbid Anatomy of some of the most Important Parts of the Human Body (1799, 1802, 1812)
  • Lectures and Observations on Medicine by the late Matthew Baillie (1825)
  • An Account of a Particular Change of Structure in the Human Ovarium (Philosophical Transacations, London, 1789, Vol.79, pp. 71–78)
  • References

    Matthew Baillie Wikipedia

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