Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Matara, Eritrea

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Covid-19
Country  Eritrea
Time zone  EAT (UTC+3)
Region  Debub
Matara, Eritrea exploreeritreacomwpcontentuploads201508Met
Similar  Adulis, National Museum of Eritrea, Debre Bizen, Church of Our Lady of the Rosar, Great Mosque of Asmara

Matara (Metera) is an archaeological site in Eritrea. Situated a few kilometers south of Senafe, it was a major city in the Dʿmt and Aksumite kingdoms. Since Eritrean independence, the National Museum of Eritrea has petitioned the Ethiopian government to return artifacts removed from the site. However, the efforts have thus far been rebuffed.

Matara, Eritrea Matara Eritrea Mapionet

History

Matara, Eritrea Guide Ksad Emba in Eritrea Eritrea general Tripmondo

Matara is the name of both a small village and an important archaeological site in Eritrea. The latter is located some 136 kilometers southeast of the capital Asmara, just past Senafe on the road leading south to the border with the northern Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The archaeological site already has yielded evidence of several levels of habitation, including at least two different major cities, covering more than 1000 years. The topmost layers are associated with the Aksumite Empire and date from the fourth to the eighth centuries. This city was allied with or part of the powerful trading empire centered in the capital, Aksum, to the southwest. It appears that Matara was one of a string of cities along the trade route that ran from Aksum to its port city, Adulis, whose extensive ruins, surveyed but largely excavated, are in the vicinity of Zula, southeast of Massawa on the Red Sea coast. Keskese is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north of Matara.

Hawulti, a pre-Aksumite or early Aksumite era obelisk, is situated here.

Matara, Eritrea Panoramio Photo of Stelae at Matara Eritrea
Matara, Eritrea
Matara, Eritrea Matara Eritrea National Museum of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa
Matara, Eritrea Matara Eritrea Mapionet

References

Matara, Eritrea Wikipedia


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