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Marianne Birthler

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Covid-19
Preceded by  Joachim Gauck
Party  Alliance '90/The Greens
Role  German Politician
Name  Marianne Birthler
Succeeded by  Roland Jahn

Marianne Birthler Marianne Birthler
Born  22 January 1948 (age 67) Berlin (1948-01-22)
Similar People  Roland Jahn, Markus Wolf, Karl‑Heinz Kurras, Ulrike Poppe, Wolfgang Birthler

Architects of unification portrait of marianne birthler people politics


Marianne Birthler (born 22 January 1948 in Friedrichshain, Berlin) is a German human rights advocate and politician of the Alliance '90/The Greens. From 2000 to 2011, she served as the Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records, responsible for investigating the past crimes of the Stasi, the former communist secret police of East Germany. In 2016 she was offered the nomination of the CDU/CSU and her own party for President of Germany, but after some time decided not to run; the parties would have had a majority in the Federal Convention, securing her the election.

Contents

Marianne Birthler NewsDetails SP Erinnerung schafft Zukunft

Our guest marianne birthler federal commissioner for the stasi files talking germany


Early life

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Birthler grew up in East Germany and was active in child and youth work for the Church, first in her parish in Prenzlauer Berg, then as a youth advisor in the City of Berlin from 1987. In 1986 she co-founded a group called Church Solidarity (Solidarische Kirche), which campaigned for greater democracy in the church and in society. In 1988 she joined the Initiative for Peace and Human Rights, which formed part of the resistance to the Soviet-imposed communist regime in the 1980s.

Political career

Marianne Birthler Halbes Land Ganzes Land Ganzes Leben Bcher Hanser

Birthler was elected to the only democratically elected People's Chamber in the GDR in March 1990, where she served as spokeswoman of the Alliance 90. From German Reunification on 3 October 1990 until the elections of 2 December 1990, she was a member of the Bundestag, the Parliament of Germany. In October 1990, she became a member of the state parliament of Brandenburg, and in November, she was appointed as Minister for Education in the state government of Minister-President Manfred Stolpe. She resigned from the parliament in the summer of 1992 and, in protest over Stolpe's Stasi contacts, from the cabinet in October the same year.

Marianne Birthler Marianne Birthler Wikipedia

From 1993 to 1994, Birthler was co-spokesperson (i.e., leader, with Ludger Volmer) of the Alliance '90/The Greens. She was awarded the Bundesverdienstkreuz in 1995.

Marianne Birthler The Stasi and its Aftermath Reflections on the Legacy of the East

In September 2000, Birthler was appointed by the Parliament of Germany as Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records, succeeding Joachim Gauck. She was appointed to a second term in January 2006. In February 2011 it was revealed 53 former Stasi agents were employed at the Stasi Records Agency under her leadership, creating a controversy as she prepared to leave the authority the following month. As Federal Commissioner, she has notably been a strong critic of the left party Die Linke, the successor of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, and has on several occasions criticized the party of being extremist and nominating former Stasi employees as members of parliament. She has also criticized other parties for cooperating with the Die Linke party, warning that the party should not be given political influence.

Marianne Birthler German Unification Symposium 2008

Birthler was a member of the 2009 Federal Convention, serving as an elector of the President of Germany. Before the election, she strongly criticized the SPD candidate Gesine Schwan for claiming that the GDR was "not an unjust state".

In late 2016, Chancellor Angela Merkel offered Birthler the opportunity to succeed Joachim Gauck as President of Germany; however, Birthler declined the offer.

Other activities (selection)

  • Berlin Wall Memorial, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Bürgerstiftung Berlin, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Evangelische Akademie zu Berlin, Chairwoman of the Advisory Board
  • Free University of Berlin, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Friede Springer Foundation, Deputy Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees (since 2011)
  • Körber Foundation, Deputy Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees
  • Stiftung Mitarbeit, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • German Evangelical Church Assembly (DEKT), Member of the Presidium (1993-2005)
  • Personal life

    Marianne Birthler was formerly (until 1983) married to veterinarian Wolfgang Birthler, who later became a regional cabinet minister under Minister-President Manfred Stolpe in Brandenburg. They have three daughters.

    References

    Marianne Birthler Wikipedia


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