Sneha Girap

Margherita, Assam

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Country  India
University  Margherita College
Language spoken  Assamese
State  Assam
District  Tinsukia

Margherita (IPA: ?m??g??r?t?) is a census town in Tinsukia district in the Indian state of Assam. The small sub-divisional town has scenic beauty though nothing like a tourism business. The town is surrounded by hills, tea gardens, forest and the Dihing River. It has a beautiful golf course at the foot of the hills and a small stream running through. The lack of tourism is mostly due to terrorist activities in the neighboring remote locations. The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) has been active in the area over past decades. The name Margherita actually derives from the Italian queen and dates back to the late 19th century as a token appreciation for the Italian Chief Engineer of a rail section Chevalier R Paginini who supervised the construction. Margherita was famous for its collieries much developed by the British. Coal India Ltd is the biggest industry here. Apart from this are Kitply and other small plywood industries and tea gardens. Tata Tea has factories in the locality.


Map of Margherita, Assam

India first coal heritage museum & park opened in margherita assam file no 1


Margherita is located at 27.28°N 95.68°E? / 27.28; 95.68. It has an average elevation of 162 metres (531 feet). The Dihing River flows through Margherita. The Patkai Hills are visible from the town.


North Eastern Coalfields operates from here and has its headquarters in the town. Plywood and tea are the other developed industries.

Religion and Festivals

The population is a mix of Assamese, Bengali, Nepali as well as those who migrated from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and other South Indian states to work in the coal mines. A major chunk of the population are Hindus followed by Muslims and Christians. In the interior parts, some people follow Buddhism. The main festival in Margherita is Bihu, celebrated in the month of January(magh bihu), April (bohag bihu) and kati bihu in September-October. Madam-me-fi is also celebrated in the month of January. Other than that as this place has a multi-cultural heritage Durga puja, Bhai tika, holi Diwali, chat puja, buddha purnima, Idd, Christmas is celebrated with much fun fare.


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