January 22, 1892 (
founding Dassault Aviation
April 17, 1986, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Madeleine Minckes (m. 1919–1986)
Serge Dassault, Claude Dassault
The Talisman: The Autobiography of Marcel Dassault, Creator of the Mirage Jet
La Boum 2, The Seventh, Carmen
Serge Dassault, Olivier Dassault, Darius Paul Dassault, Alain Poire, Claude Pinoteau
Excellence Française - Interview Laurent Dassault
Marcel Dassault (born Marcel Bloch; 22 January 1892 – 17 April 1986) was a French aircraft industrialist.
- Excellence Franaise Interview Laurent Dassault
- L odyss e des mirage de marcel dassault aviation
- Early life
- Personal life
- Death and memorials
- In popular culture
L odyss e des mirage de marcel dassault aviation
Bloch was born on 22 January 1892 in Paris. Both of his parents were Jewish.
He was educated at the Lycée Condorcet in Paris. After studies in Electrical Engineering he graduated from the Breguet School and Supaéro. At the latter school Bloch was classmates with a Russian student named Mikhail Gurevich who would later be instrumental in the creating of the MiG aircraft series.
Bloch worked at the French Aeronautics Research Laboratory during World War I and invented a type of aircraft propeller subsequently used by the French army during the conflict. In 1928 Bloch founded the Société des Avions Marcel Bloch aircraft company which produced its first aircraft in 1930.
In 1935 Bloch and Henry Potez entered into an agreement to buy Société Aérienne Bordelaise (SAB). In 1936 the company was nationalized as the Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud Ouest (SNCASO). Bloch agreed to become the delegated administrator of the Minister for Air.
During Nazi Germany's occupation of France, the country's aviation industry was virtually disbanded, other than the compulsory manufacturing, assembly and servicing of German designs. In October 1940, Bloch refused to collaborate with the Germans occupiers at Bordeaux-Aéronautique and was imprisoned by the Vichy government. In 1944 the Nazis deported Bloch to the Buchenwald concentration camp, while his wife was interned near Paris. Bloch was detained at Buchenwald until it was liberated on 11 April 1945.
He changed his name from Bloch to Bloch-Dassault and, in 1949, to simply Dassault. Dassault was the alias used by his brother, General Darius Paul Bloch, when he served in the French resistance, and is derived from char d'assaut, French for "battle tank". In 1971 Dassault acquired Breguet, forming Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation (AMD-BA).
In 1919, Bloch married Madeleine Minckes, the daughter of a wealthy Jewish family of furniture dealers. They had two sons, Claude and Serge.
As Dassault, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1950.
In July 1952, Dassault acquired the landmark Paris buildings, still known as the Hôtel Marcel Dassault, dating from 1844, at nos. 7 and 9 rond-point des Champs-Elysées (at the angle of the avenue des Champs-Élysées and avenue Montaigne), from the Sabatier d'Espeyran family. Now, the building at no. 7 has been occupied from 2002 by auction house Artcurial, which made further alterations according to plans by architect Jean-Michel Wilmotte. While no. 7 has been sold, no. 9 continues to be occupied by the Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault.
Death and memorials
Serge Dassault, Marcel's son, became CEO of Avions Marcel Dassault, which was restructured as Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault, reflecting its broader interests. In 1990, the aviation division was renamed Dassault Aviation.
In 1991, the rond-point des Champs-Elysées was renamed the rond-point des Champs-Elysées-Marcel Dassault in his honor.
In popular culture
In The Adventures of Tintin comic Flight 714 to Sydney, Dassault is parodied as the aircraft construction tycoon Laszlo Carreidas - "the millionaire who never laughs", who offers Tintin, Captain Haddock and Professor Calculus his personal jet, the Carreidas 160 to travel to Sydney.