| August 782 A.H|
| Sufi Saint|
| September 16, 724 A.HManer, Bihar|
Badi Dargah, Biharsharif, Bihar
Hazrat Makhdum Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri popularly known as Hazrat Makhdum-ul Mulk Bihari or Makhdum-e-Jahan for his spiritual status One of the most Prominent Sufi Saint. His father Makhdoom Yahya Maneri was a great Sufi saint of Maner in Patna district. His maternal grandfather Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot was also a revered Sufi, whose tomb is located at Kachchi Dargah near Fatuha in Patna district.
Makhdoom Sharfuddin Ahmed Yahya Maneri Wikipedia
Born on September 16, 724 A.H at Maner, Sheikh Sharfuddîn was the son of Makhdoom Yahya Maneri bin Israel bin Taj Faqeeh from Al-Khaleel (Palestine). His birthplace is Maner Sharif or Maner, a village near Patna in Bihar. In his early childhood, love for knowledge, religious life, and signs of spiritual greatness, were found. at the age of 12, He left Maner to gain traditional knowledge of Arabic, Persian, logic, philosophy and religion under Sharaf-ud-dîn Abu Towama(a famous professor) Bukhari in Sonargaon near Narainganj now in Dhaka, Bangladesh where he spent 24 years in his company. At first he refused to marry, but when being ill, he was advised by the physician to take to marriage as the remedy for his disease. He married his teacher's daughter BiBi Badaam. He left home after the birth of a son, named Zakiuddin in 1289 who lived and died in Bengal.
After completing his education he left for Delhi where he met with Hazrat Nizamuddin and a number of other Sufis. His elder brother Makhdoom Jaleeluddin Maneri (Buried at Badi Dargah in Maner Sharif), who accompanied him there, finally introduced him to his own peer (spiritual master) Sheikh Najeebuddin Firdausi and he became a disciple of Sheikh Najeebuddin Firdausi of Mehrauli and got the title of Firdausi. To shun material comforts, Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri went into the forest of Bihiya(about 15 miles west of Maner). He later went on to Rajgir (about 75 miles east of Maner) where he chose to do ascetic exercises in the hills. A hot spring, near to a place where he often prayed in Rajgir, is named Mukhdoom Kund, to perpetuate his memory.
At least 30 years in the forests, Sheikh Sharfuddin finally settled at Bihar Sharif. Later Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq had a Khanqah built for him where he taught and trained disciples in Sufism – tasawwuf.
He died on Thursday, the 6th of Shawwâl, 782 Hijra, in the opening years of the 15th Century A. D. The funeral prayer was said according to his will.
His Tomb lies at Badi Dargah (Bihar Sharif Nalanda), in a mosque to the east of a large tank, with masonry walls and ghats, and pillared porticos. The tomb is situated in an enclosure half filled with graves and ancient tress, on the north and west of which are three domed mosque and some quaint little cloisters. His tomb at Bihar Sharif is still resorted to as a place of sanctity by a large number of devout Muslims and a five day Urs is celebrated every year from 5th Shawwal with traditional zeal at Biharsharif.