Taisumov was born on August 8, 1988, in Grozny, the capital of the modern-day Chechen Republic of Russia. He is from the Yalkhoy teip (clan).He fights out of Vienna, Austria and trains at Tiger Muay Thai in Phuket, Thailand. He started his sporting career as a football player before realizing fighting was his true passion and devoting his career to martial arts. He made his professional MMA debut in 2007. He is a devout Sunni Muslim.
Taisumov spent much of his career fighting for M-1 Global. He made his M-1 Global debut against Borys Mankowski on February 5, 2010, winning via TKO in the second round.
Taisumov knocked out Julien Boussuge in the first round on May 29, 2010, at M-1 Selection 2010: Western Europe Round 3.
Taisumov submitted Serhiy Adamchuk in the first round on July 22, 2010, to win the M-1 Selection 2010: Eastern Europe Tournament.
Taisumov was poked in the eye by Artem Damkovsky in the third round of a M-1 Global Lightweight Championship bout on October 28, 2010, and lost via doctor stoppage.
Taisumov defeated M-1 veteran Yuri Ivlev by second-round TKO on March 5, 2011, at M-1 Challenge 23.
Taisumov knocked out Josh Bacallao in the first round on July 8, 2011, at M-1 Challenge 26.
Taisumov knocked out Joshua Thorpe in the second round on November 20, 2011, at M-1 Global: Fedor vs Monson.
Taisumov lost a split decision to Marat Gafurov on June 21, 2012, at M-1 Global: Fedor vs Rizzo.
Taisumov was expected to face Musa Khamanaev for the M-1 Global Lightweight Championship on November 15, 2012 at M-1 Challenge 35. The bout was cancelled for unknown reasons. Taisumov instead faced Leon Del Gaudio, whom he submitted in the first round.
Taisumov made Niko Puhakka submit to first-round leg kicks on June 8, 2013, at M-1 Challenge 40.
In his final M-1 Global bout, Taisumov submitted Artem Damkovsky in the third round of a rematch on November 30, 2013, at M-1 Challenge 44.
Taisumov made his UFC debut against Tae Hyun Bang on January 4, 2014, at UFC Fight Night 34, winning a dominant unanimous decision.
Taisumov was expected to face UFC veteran Gleison Tibau on March 23, 2014, at UFC Fight Night 38. Tibau pulled out of the bout due to a knee injury and was replaced by Michel Prazeres, who won a dominant unanimous decision.
Taisumov beat Marcin Bandel by first-round TKO on October 4, 2014, at UFC Fight Night 53.
Taisumov was expected to face Yan Cabral on January 24, 2015, at UFC on Fox 14. Cabral pulled out of the fight due to a knee injury and was replaced by promotional newcomer Anthony Christodoulou, who Taisumov knocked out in the second round.
His contract up, Taisumov announced a new five-fight contract on Twitter on February 8, 2015.
Taisumov beat Alan Patrick by second-round TKO on June 20, 2015, at UFC Fight Night 69, earning a "Performance of the Night" bonus of $50,000.
Taisumov was expected to face Beneil Dariush on January 17, 2016, at UFC Fight Night 81. Dariush pulled out of the fight in early December citing injury and was replaced by Chris Wade. In turn, Taisumov pulled out in the week before the event for visa issues and was replaced by Mehdi Baghdad.
Taisumov beat promotional newcomer Damir Hadzović by TKO on April 10, 2016, at UFC Fight Night 86, earning his second $50,000 "Performance of the Night" bonus.
Taisumov was expected to face Nik Lentz at UFC 203 on September 10, 2016. However, Taisumov was removed from the event during the week before the event for alleged visa issues and was replaced by promotional newcomer Michael McBride.
Taisumov was expected to face Joaquim Silva on May 28, 2017 at UFC Fight Night 109. However, Taisumov pulled out of the fight on May 16 citing a knee injury. He was replaced by Reza Madadi.
Taisumov faced Felipe Silva on September 2, 2017 at UFC Fight Night: Struve vs. Volkov. He won the fight by knockout in the first round. The win earned Taisumov his third consecutive Performance of the Night bonus award.Ultimate Fighting Championship
Performance of the Night (Three times) vs.Alan Patrick, Damir Hadžović and Felipe Silva