Puneet Varma (Editor)

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

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Covid-19
Location  Andaman Islands, India
Area  281.5 km²
Postal code  744103
Nearest city  Wandur
Established  1983
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
Address  SH8, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Hours  Closed today SaturdayClosedSunday7AM–5PMMondayClosedTuesdayClosedWednesdayClosedThursdayClosedFridayClosed

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is a national park of India near Wandoor on the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Contents

Mahatma gandhi marine national park wandoor


History

The park was created 24 May 1983 under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 to protect marine life such as the corals and nesting sea turtles prevalent in the area. It was placed under the protection of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the forest department of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Geography

There are 2 major island groups in the park: the Labyrinth Islands and the Twin Islands The islands are situated 16 km (10 mi) south from Port Blair. The marine park covers 281.5 km² made up of 17 islands and the open sea creeks running through the area. There is a chance for ecotourism on the islands Jolly Buoy and Red Skin The islands belongs to the Rutland Archipelago and are located between Rutland Island and South Andaman Island.

Ecosystems

Most of the coral reefs in the park are fringing reefs. The type and composition of vegetation varies from island to island. Most notably there you can see a difference between the tourist islands which suffer more anthropocentric change and others which do not. There are also some islands more isolated or protected from the effects of weather in the Bay of Bengal. Tarmugli, the largest island, is covered with thick mangrove vegetation, sand covered beaches, uprooted trees and sheet rocks. Twin Islands are an important breeding ground for turtles within the park.

List of Islands

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park has some 20 islands and rocks.

Administration

Politically, all islands are part of Port Blair Taluk.

Demographics

The islands are on uninhabited land, but there is a population of 7300 living in 10 adjacent villages (Mainly Manglutan and Wandur)

References

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Wikipedia


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