Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary

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Area  158 km²
Established  1976
Nearest city  Siliguri
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary imhuntincgCityGuidemahanandahornbillJPEG
Location  Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
Governing body  Government of India, Government of West Bengal

Mahananda wildlife sanctuary with jasoprakas


Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary (Pron: móhɑ́nɑ́ndaa, Nepali: महानन्दा, Bengali: মহানন্দা) is located on the foothills of the Himalayas, between the Teesta and Mahananda rivers. Situated in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India; it comes under Darjeeling Wildlife division and can be reached from Siliguri in 30 minutes. Sukna, the gateway to the sanctuary, is only 13 km from Siliguri and 28 km from Bagdogra airport. The sanctuary sprawls over 159 km2 of reserve forest and was started as a game sanctuary in 1955. In 1959, it got the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal Bengal tiger, which were facing the threat of extinction.

Contents

Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Darjeeling Top Tips Before You Go

Trip to latpanchar mahananda wildlife sanctuary


Geography

Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary or Forests The Dooars West Bengal

The forest type in Mahananda WLS varies from riverain forests like Khayer-Sisoo to dense mixed-wet forest in the higher elevation in 'Latpanchar' area of Kurseong hills. The variation in altitude and forest types helps the existence of a large number of species of mammals, birds and reptiles. Varying altitude from 500 ft at the southern range of Sukna forest to the elevation up to 4,500 ft at Latkothi beat office covers varied vegetation and is home to superb biome restricted species.

Biodiversity

Avian fauna listed from this park are of A1, A2 and A3 categories with IBA site code IN-WB-07.

Biomes

Inside this wildlife sanctuary, the primary biomes corresponding to the ecozone are:

Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Darjeeling Top Tips Before You Go
  • Sino-Himalayan Temperate Forest of the Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests Biome 7
  • Sino-Himalayan Subtropical Forest of the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests Biome 8
  • Indo-Chinese Tropical Moist Forest of the Himalayan subtropical pine forests Biome 9

  • Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Dooars Ecoviillege Spend your vacation at Dooars with Mahananda

    All of these are typical forest type of foothills of the Bhutan - Nepal - India hilly region between altitudinal range 500 ft to 4,500 ft.

    Fauna

    Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary

    Birds at Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary includes some very endangered species like Rufous-necked Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Great Hornbill etc. Among the others swallow, swift, thrush, babbler, warbler, roller, minivet and sunbird can be found in abundance.


    Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Siliguri About Mahananda Wildlife

    Some exotic species of mammals are reported from this area like Himalayan serow, Himalayan porcupine, Himalayan Black Bear and even more rarer like Binturong and Clouded Leopard. Other important mammalian species include Indian elephants, Indian bison, chital (spotted deer), barking deer, sambar, rhesus monkey, many species of lesser cat like fishing cat and jungle cat, leopard etc.

    References

    Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary Wikipedia


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