| Musical instruments|
| William F. & Theobald Ludwig|
Drum kits, timpani, percussion
Ludwig Drums is an American manufacturer of percussion instruments. The brand achieved significant popularity in the 1960s, through the endorsement of The Beatles' drummer Ringo Starr.
Ludwig Drums Wikipedia
The Ludwig Drum Company was established in 1909 by William F. & Theobald Ludwig, sons of a German immigrant to the United States. William Jr. had been a professional drummer, playing with circuses and touring vaudeville shows, along with the occasional skating-rink gig. Since this work was irregular, he and his brother, Theobald, opened a drum shop in Chicago; they called it Ludwig & Ludwig. The company started with a concept for the design and manufacture of a functional bass drum pedal.
The company added new products to its catalog, such as snare drums and timpani in 1916. In 1917, Ludwig signed a deal to build rope drums to support World War I. Theobald Ludwig died in 1918 and William continued on his own. By 1923, the factory was the largest drum manufacturer in the world, employing 240 workers. In the late 20's, the company was sold to the C.G. Conn instrument company. William Ludwig stayed on to run the company for Conn (which also owned the Leedy Drum Co. at this time). Eventually, William Ludwig decided to leave Conn and start a new company of his own. He was unable to use the Ludwig name since that trademark now belonged to Conn who continued to market Ludwig & Ludwig drums.
In 1937, William bought a factory building and started The WFL Drum Company (his initials). The company continued producing drums at a small scale for the duration of World War II but after the armistice William got back to the idea of making the company a large drum manufacturer. WFL was a competitor with Ludwig and Ludwig. Conn combined their two drum brands into one in the early 50's forming Leedy & Ludwig and then decided to quit the drum business altogether. In 1955, William and his son Bill Jr. were able to buy the Ludwig trademark back from Conn and over the next few years their company and its products transitioned from the WFL brand to being called "Ludwig" again.
Despite success, Ludwig's breakthrough would occur February 9, 1964, when The Beatles made their debut on The Ed Sullivan Show, and the Ludwig logo, displayed on the front of Ringo Starr's bass drum, could be seen by the television audience of about seventy-three million people. As it happens, Starr chose that brand upon joining the band simply because he liked the oyster pearl black color of the drum kit he chose. Regardless, the publicity resulted in Ludwig's sales doubling quickly to $13 million, which prompted production to increase to a 24/7 production as the company became the foremost drum manufacturer in North America for twenty years.
Ludwig acquired the Musser Mallet Company, a manufacturer of xylophones, marimbas and vibraphones, in 1965.
On November 4, 1981, William F. Ludwig II sold the business to the Selmer Company (now Conn-Selmer). Selmer closed the Damen Avenue factory in the ensuing years and moved the drum production business to Monroe, North Carolina in 1984. The Musser manufacturing facility remained in LaGrange, Illinois until 2013, and was then moved to Elkhart, Indiana.
Some of the musicians that currently or previously played Ludwigs are:Jerry Allison (Buddy Holly & The Crickets)
Mick Avory (Kinks)
Barriemore Barlow (Jethro Tull)
John Bonham (Led Zeppelin)
Cindy Blackman (Lenny Kravitz)
Bill Bruford (Yes, King Crimson, Genesis, Earthworks)
Clive Bunker (Jethro Tull)
Larry Bunker (jazz and studio legend)
Eric Carr (KISS)
Nameless Ghoul (Ghost (Swedish band))
Luis Cardenas (Renegade)
John Cowsill (Cowsills) (Beach Boys)
Dino Danelli (Young Rascals)
John Densmore (The Doors)
Bobby Elliott (The Hollies)
Gregg Errico (Sly & The Family Stone)
Mick Fleetwood (Fleetwood Mac)
Papa Jo Jones
Kenney Jones (Small Faces / Faces)
Brian Keenan (Chambers Brothers)
Eric Kretz (Stone Temple Pilots)
Nick Mason (Pink Floyd)
Jim McCarty (Yardbirds)
Mitch Mitchell (The Jimi Hendrix Experience)
Steve Negus (Saga)
Ian Paice (Deep Purple)
Questlove (The Roots)
Mike "Smitty" Smith (Paul Revere & The Raiders)
Ringo Starr (The Beatles)
Roger Taylor (Queen) (1973 - 1985)
Mick Tucker (Sweet)
Alex Van Halen (Van Halen)
Bill Ward (Black Sabbath)
Charlie Watts (Rolling Stones)
Alan White (Yes) (Plastic Ono Band)
Meg White (The White Stripes)
Nicko McBrain (Iron Maiden)