Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Lonchocarpus

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Tribe  Millettieae
Higher classification  Faboideae
Order  Fabales
Subfamily  Faboideae
Scientific name  Lonchocarpus
Rank  genus
Lonchocarpus wwwbackyardnaturenetyucatanlonchoc2jpg
Lower classifications  Lonchocarpus urucu, Lonchocarpus laxiflorus, Lonchocarpus utilis, Lonchocarpus phaseolifolius, Lonchocarpus sanctuarii

Lonchocarpus violaceus lilac tree


Lonchocarpus is a plant genus in the legume family (Fabaceae). The species are called lancepods due to their fruit resembling an ornate lance tip or a few beads on a string.

Contents

Lonchocarpus Lonchocarpus violaceus Lilac Tree Dotted Lancepod Chaperno

Cubé resin is produced from the roots of L. urucu and namely ''L. utilis (cubé). It contains enough of the toxic rotenoids rotenone and deguelin to be used as an insecticide and piscicide. As these are naturally occurring compounds, they were formerly used in organic farming. Since it is highly unselective and kills useful, as well as pest, animals, it is considered harmful to the environment today. Also, chronic exposure to rotenone and deguelin seems to increase the risk of Parkinson's disease even in mammals, for which these compounds are less acutely toxic than for fish and insects. On the other hand, deguelin might be useful in cancer therapy if it can be applied directly into tumors, and Lonchocarpus root is used to a probably insignificant extent by indigenous peoples as an aid in fishing, e.g. by the Nukak who call it nuún.

Lonchocarpus Lonchocarpus violaceus Carl Lewis Flickr

The bark of L. violaceus (balché tree) is traditionally used by the Yukatek Maya version of the mildly intoxicating mead, balché, which was held in the highest esteem in antiquity and considered sacred to the god of intoxication. It is still drunk today and was, after the Spanish conquest of Yucatán, considered a less harmful alternative to the alcoholic beverages imported by the Europeans. It is not quite clear if roots were also used to produce balché, and to what extent toxic isoflavones are also present in L. violaceus. The potency of balché may be increased by using honey produced from L. violaceus nectar gathered by the Maya's traditional stingless bees.

Lonchocarpus Lonchocarpus violaceus Lilac Tree Dotted Lancepod Chaperno

Some insects have evolved the ability to deal with Lonchocarpus toxins and feed on these plants. They include a possible new taxon in the two-barred flasher (Astraptes fulgerator) cryptic species complex which seems to have acquired this ability only quite recently and is found at least on L. costaricensis and L. oliganthus.

Lonchocarpus Lonchocarpus Wikipdia a enciclopdia livre

El sue o de morfeo contigo hasta el final eurovisi n 2013 videoclip oficial


Selected species

Lonchocarpus LONCHOCARPUS VIOLACEUS
  • Lonchocarpus bussei Harms
  • Lonchocarpus calcaratus
  • Lonchocarpus capassa Rolfe
  • Lonchocarpus chiricanus
  • Lonchocarpus costaricensis
  • Lonchocarpus domingensis
  • Lonchocarpus glaziovii Taub.
  • Lonchocarpus kanurii
  • Lonchocarpus laxiflorus
  • Lonchocarpus miniflorus
  • Lonchocarpus molinae
  • Lonchocarpus monilis
  • Lonchocarpus nelsii (Schinz) Heering & Grimme
  • Lonchocarpus nitidus
  • Lonchocarpus oliganthus
  • Lonchocarpus phaseolifolius
  • Lonchocarpus phlebophyllus
  • Lonchocarpus retiferus
  • Lonchocarpus sanctuarii
  • Lonchocarpus santarosanuschapelno blanco
  • Lonchocarpus trifolius
  • Lonchocarpus urucubarbasco
  • Lonchocarpus utiliscubé, common lancepod
  • Lonchocarpus violaceus – Balché tree
  • Lonchocarpus yoroensis

  • Lonchocarpus Lonchocarpus violaceus Lilac Tree3 Richard Lyons Nursery Inc

    References

    Lonchocarpus Wikipedia


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