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Lommel is a municipality and a city in the Belgian province of Limburg. The Kempen city has about 33,000 inhabitants and is part of the electoral district and the judicial district Lommel Neerpelt.
Besides residential town of Lommel also has a number of nature reserves, such as the nature reserve De Watering, the Lommel Sahara, and numerous forests and heathlands. Lommel is the third shopping city in Belgian Limburg with a commercial and shopping center De Singel. Importantly, the silver sand that is mined here for the benefit of the glass industry. Some sand mining quarries are transformed into nature reserves and recreational areas, including Lommel Sahara.
The city of Lommel is the watershed of the basins of the Scheldt, and Meuse, and within these basins Nete Dommel respectively.
The dialect of Lommel - the Lommel - is part of the East Brabant, and not to the West Limburg dialects, reflecting the particular history of the place.
The name comes from Lommel Loemelo. Loem means moist, swampy and Lo is forest or woodland.Balendijk
All historical data relating to the current municipality, including towns such as arose after the merger of January 1, 1977.
In 1990 fourth Lommel its 1000 anniversary. In the earliest period Lommel was part of the so-called Eninge of the Kempen, a certain territory in the Kempen where applied the same law. All come under a vague Utrecht majesty and authority was in feudal held by Brabant. In 1203 the Eninge came under the supremacy of the dukes of Brabant.
The Brabant expansion northward was Lommel part of the bailiwick of 's-Hertogenbosch and continued to come under the quarter Kempenland. In 1332 was Lommel city rights Duke John III, Duke of Brabant. Lommel was a freedom. Late 16th century it went bad with the Bailiwick. During the Gelderland Wars looted and burnt estimated the headman Gelderland Maarten van Rossum the Bailiwick. During the Eighty Years' War suffered under the bailiwick of war.
Since 1648 was Lommel part of the Dutch Republic, as the bailiwick of 's-Hertogenbosch and its accessories was assigned to the States. The earlier by North Brabant Catholics created myth that to the stagnation of development in Staats-Brabant had a "Dutch" which the region empty sucked as a colony, may be exaggerated. The war situation was the biggest culprit. Lommel was because of the new state border and struck a remote region on the border of the Republic, like other States Brabant, suddenly not south, but northwards oriented. However, it was under the State Brabant function as a military buffer for the region Holland little to no opportunities to achieve economic growth. It was a time of little progress. In the years 1798-1799 undertook the Dutch minister Stephen Hanewinkel a journey through the entire Bailiwick of 's-Hertogenbosch and also did Lommel in 1799 to. He described the city as "the ultimate village of Majorij, on the borders of Liege Erland lying around in very large and widely extended driving, Hannewinckel, Stephen (1800) 'Second Reize by Majorij'. Amsterdam: Saakes, Anthony Bernard Amsterdam.
Only in 1795, when the French invaded, Lommel got his freedom back and when the French had left it became an integral part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Lommel was part of the Bailiwick, until it officially by Royal Decree passed by North Brabant to Limburg on November 19, 1817 as exchange against Luyksgestel that 1819 of the Antwerp province of Noord-Brabant was about. Luyksgestel that if an isolated enclave was in the Bailiwick and belonged to the Principality of Liege, Lommel previously made a Meierijse exclave.
After much wrangling during the Belgian Revolution Lommel remained under Belgian rule. Although the Netherlands this piece Bailiwick as a former part of Staats-Brabant claimed back, the city of Lommel had already sworn his allegiance to the Belgian government. On April 19, 1839 finally became the definitive peace treaties signed by Belgium and the Netherlands. That same year Maaseik was created as a new administrative district and Lommel was added thereto. This will be a radical change in the history of Lommel: the traditional Brabantse place is now called Limburg place and is the only piece Meierij, located in Belgium. Although Lommel legally to Limburg counts, the rest of Limburg will remain in the eyes of the real Lommelsen still: Liege or "Liège country". The Meierijse history of Lommel remains at least live on in the many descriptions. On the market square stands a statuette of a teut, a typical historic phenomenon in the region. Teuten were itinerant merchants and craftsmen from the 16th to 20th centuries with their merchandise (copper, textiles, pottery ...) marched back to the Netherlands, Germany, France and Luxembourg. Lommel, especially the district of Barrier during the Second World War, a pivotal role in Operation Market Garden. By the conquest of Joe's Bridge, bridge no. 9 on the Kempisch Channel, the Irish Guards on September 10, 1944, the British forces possessed a bridgehead towards the Netherlands. On September 17, 1944 she crossed the Dutch border.
The city of Lommel is located in the electoral district Neerpelt (which is identical to the county district Neerpelt) and the electoral district Hasselt Tongeren-Maaseik (same as the constituency Limburg).1808 - 1813: Joannes Aerts, Catholic
1813 - 1847: William Karel Koek Court, Catholic
1847 - 1857: Jan Daels, Catholic
1857 - 1861: Jan Van Leemput, Catholic
1861 - 1863: Henry Alen, Catholic
1863 - 1872: Peter Slegers, Catholic
1872 - 1879: Peter Stevens, Catholic
1879 - 1885: Jan Alen, Catholic
1885 - 1890: Jan Vanden Boer, Catholic
1891 - 1904: Peter Senders, Catholic
1904 - 1921: François Van Ham, Catholic
1921 - 1923: John Bouly, Catholic
1924 - 1927: Peter Joosten, Catholic
1927 - 1941: Joseph Tournier, liberal Catholics
1941 - 1944: Peter Luykx, Flemish nationalist
1944 - 1945: Joseph Tournier, liberal Catholics
1945 - 1958: Henri Van Reempts, Catholic
1959 - 1979: René Verhoeven, Catholic
1979 - 1988: Staff Matthijs, Catholic
1989 - 2006: Louis Vanvelthoven, socialist
2007–present: Peter Vanvelthoven, socialist
Mayor Peter Vanvelthoven (List mayor). He leads a coalition consisting of Mayor List and Open VLD. Together they form the majority with 17 to 31 seats.Antonio Cairoli, motocross world champion
Kevin Hulsmans, road bicycle racer
Peter Luykx, federal representative
Peter Maes, former soccer player, coach of Sporting Lokeren
Wim Mennes, soccer player
Pieter Mertens, road bicycle racer
Steve Ramon, motocross world champion
Kathleen Smet, athlete in triathlon
Dirk Swartenbroekx, DJ Buscemi
Johan Vansummeren, road bicycle racer
Marcel Vanthilt, musician, TV presenter
Louis Vanvelthoven, honorary-mayor, former chairman of the Flemish Parliament
Peter Vanvelthoven, mayor, former Belgian Minister for Employment and Informatisation
Steven Van Broeckhoven, professional windsurfer, two-time champion on the European Freestyle Pro Tour