Rahul Sharma (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Littorinidae
Scientific name  Littorina
Rank  Genus
Superfamily  Littorinoidea
Subfamily  Littorininae
Higher classification  Littorinidae
Phylum  Mollusca
Littorina MarLIN The Marine Life Information Network Common periwinkle
Lower classifications  Common periwinkle, Littorina saxatilis, Littorina obtusata, Melarhaphe neritoides, Littorina sitkana

Common periwinkle live littorina littorea

Littorina is a genus of small sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Littorinidae, the winkles or periwinkles.


Littorina Littorina saxatilis The Exotics Guide

These small snails live in the tidal zone of rocky shores.

Littorina varia littorinidae a mangrove snail from coastal ecuador


Littorina wwwgastropodscomShellImagesGLLittorinalitt

In Europe there are about nine species in this genus, one of which is the rough periwinkle, Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792). Another closely related (supposed) species Littorina tenebrosa (Montagu 1802) was thought to be distinct because of its different ecological requirements, but current studies have shown that it is not at all clear whether the two are indeed separate species or whether L. tenebrosa is perhaps merely an ecotype (an ecological form) of L. saxatilis.

Littorina has given its name to the Littorina Sea, the geologic precursor of the Baltic Sea.


Littorina Common periwinkle Wikiwand

The periwinkles are found on the seashore in the littoral zone and sublittoral zone in all parts of the world. In the Baltic they live within the influence of freshwater, and frequently become distorted in consequence.


Littorina Littorina littorea Bgaro comn

The thick, pointed shell is turbinated and has few whorls. The aperture is rounded. The outer lip is acute. The columella is rather flattened and imperforate. The operculum is paucispiral. The lingual teeth are hooked and trilobed. The uncini (small teeth on the radula) are hooked and dentated.


The type species:Turbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758 restricts the species in this genus to the northern hemisphere, moderate and cold zones. The tropical species belong in other genera of the same family

Species in the genus Littorina include

Species brought into synonymy
  • Littorina aestuarii Jeffreys, 1865: synonym of Littorina obtusata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Littorina affinis d'Orbigny, 1839: synonym of Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Littorina angulifera is a synonym for Littoraria angulifera (Lamarck, 1822)
  • Littorina arenica Jay, 1839: synonym of Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Litorina arenica Dunker, 1845: synonym of Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Littorina canariensis d'Orbigny, 1839: synonym of Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Littorina cingulifera R. W. Dunker, 1845: synonym of Littoraria cingulifera R. W. Dunker, 1845
  • Litorina globosa Dunker, 1845: synonym of Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Littorina granularis Gray, 1839: synonym of Echinolittorina miliaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
  • Littorina lamellosa Souverbie, 1861: synonym of Fossarus lamellosus (Souverbie, 1861)
  • Littorina marnat Potiez & Michaud, 1838: synonym of Echinolittorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Littorina obesa (G.B. Sowerby, 1832): synonym of Littoraria coccinea (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Littorina petraeus (Montagu, 1803): synonym of Melarhaphe neritoides (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Littorina planaxis G.B. Sowerby I, 1844: synonym of Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Littorina saxatilis jugosa Montagu, 1803: synonym of Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  • Littorina saxatilis nigrolineata Gray, 1839: synonym of Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  • Littorina striata is a synonym for Tectarius striatus (King & Broderip, 1832)
  • Littorina undulata Gray, 1839: synonym of Littoraria undulata (Gray, 1839)
  • Littorina unifasciata antipodum: synonym of Austrolittorina antipodum (Philippi, 1847)
  • Littorina ziczac is a synonym for Echinolittorina ziczac (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Littorina zonaria Bean, 1844: synonym of Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
  • References

    Littorina Wikipedia

    Similar Topics
    Common periwinkle
    Littorina obtusata
    Littorina saxatilis