Harman Patil (Editor)

Line 14, Beijing Subway

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Covid-19
Type  Rapid transit
Status  Operational
Website  www.mtr.bj.cn
System  Beijing Subway
Stations  7+19
Line 14, Beijing Subway httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Daily ridership  65,000 (2016 West Peak) 538,000 (2016 East Peak)
Terminis  Zhangguozhuang Station, Xiju Station (west), Beijing South Railway Station, Shan'gezhuang Station (east, All)

Line 14 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁14号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě shísì hàoxiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in the south and east of Beijing. As of December 28, 2014, the line consists of two discontinuous line segments. The first is 12.4 km in length with 7 stations, the second is 14.8 km in length with 10 stations, and is operated by the Beijing MTR Corporation Limited

Contents

The line is being extended to run across the southern and eastern fringes of urban Beijing from Zhangguozhuang west of the Yongding River in the southwest corner of the city to Shan'gezhuang in the northeast corner. When fully completed, Line 14 will be 47.7 km in length and have 36 stations.

The first phase of Line 14, from Zhanggezhuang to Xiju on the southwest corner of the Line 10 loop, opened on May 5, 2013. Most of Line 14's eastern portion opened December 28, 2014. The central east portion of the line, from Jintailu to Beijing South Railway Station, opened on December 26, 2015. As of December 27, 2015, the Hongmiao, Chaoyang Park, Gaojiayuan, Pingleyuan and Taoranqiao Stations along the L-section are not yet operational. Line 14 is the first metro line in Beijing to use high-capacity wide-body A-Type trains. These trains were designed in 9 months by Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. and there are now 38 6-car A-Type trains operating on Line 14. These trains entered revenue service 15 months after contract award.

Route

The precise route of Line 14 has been revised several times even after construction began. The line is designed to follow an inverted-L shaped route running from the southwestern corner of urban Beijing in Fengtai District to the northeastern corner in Chaoyang District. As of December 28, 2014, the two ends of Line 14 are operational while the central section is still under construction.

In the west, Line 14 begins at Zhangguozhuang on Yuanboyuan Nan Lu, west of the Yongding River. The line crosses the river to Zhangyi Village and enters the 5th Ring Road. Going due east on Fengtai Nan Lu, Line 14 passes by the Fengtai Sports Center, enters the 4th Ring Road and continues eastward on Fengtai Lu to Xiju on the Line 10 loop.

The central section, now under construction, will continue on Lize Lu inside the 3rd Ring Road and then meet Line 4 at the Beijing South Railway Station, the city’s high-speed rail terminus, near Yongdingmen. Going further east, the central section will cross Line 5 at Puhuangyu and follow the Pufang Lu through the Fangzhuang residential neighborhood. It will leave the 3rd Ring Road at Shilihe and continue eastward until it abruptly turns north at Xidawang Lu. The line will then run due north, between the eastern 3rd and 4th Ring Roads. After passing the Beijing University of Technology, the central section will cross Line 7 at Jiulongshan and Line 1, at Dawang Lu.

Further north, where Dawang Lu turns into Jintai Lu, the eastern section of Line 14 begins and runs due north, through the Chaoyang Park. Upon leaving the 4th Ring Road, Line 14 enters the vast Wangjing neighborhood. The line bisects Wangjing from south to north on Guangshun Nan and Bei Dajie and intersects with Line 15 at the heart of Wangjing. After leaving Wangjing, the line emerges north of the 5th Ring Road and terminates at Shan'gezhuang.

History

  • Sept. 23, 2008: Construction of Line 14 set to begin by the end of 2008.
  • Nov. 6, 2009: Commencement of construction deferred; may begin by the end of 2009
  • Jan. 7, 2010: Commencement of construction set to begin in 2010.
  • Apr. 29, 2010: Construction begins on Phase I.
  • May 5, 2013: Phase I, from Zhangguozhuang in the southwestern of the city to Xiju on the southwest corner of the Line 10 loop, opens.
  • February 15, 2014, the Qilizhuang Station opens to Line 14 trains.
  • December 28, 2014: The east section, from Jintailu Station to Shan'gezhuang Station, opens.
  • December 26, 2015: The east section, from Jintailu Station to Beijing South Railway Station, opens.
  • Western Terminal

    The proposed final routing of Line 14 headed through Zhangyi Village, near Marco Polo Bridge. However, residents of Dujiakan and nearby Wanping City wanted the subway to be routed south and terminating in their neighborhoods instead. Wanping City residents argued that the neighborhood's more than 60,000 residents as well as a sculpture park, a war memorial, Wanping Fortress and many other attractions need better public transport options. In addition roads going through Dujiakan are severely congested with traffic. The terrain, rivers and railways going through the area have made it difficult to construct new roads to the surrounding areas. The end of 2008, residents gathered thousands of signatures. Finally, the Planning Commission explained that building a subway to Wanping City is more difficult, Line 14 will run via Zhangyi Village as originally planned. Ultimately, Wanping City will be served by Line 16 which started construction in 2013.

    Northern Terminal

    By the end of 2009, Tiantongyuan and Wangjing residents disputed the proposed alignment of Line 14's northern portion. Tiantongyuan is a large residential area within Beijing's northern Changping District. Due poor external connections Tiantongyuan is extremely dependent on Beiyuan road and Subway Line 5. Both the road and the Metro line is extremely congested. The existing Line 5 only serves the west side of Tiantongyuan and is over capacity. The Tiantongyuan online community launched a petition to extend Line 14 into Tiantongyuan. Tiantongyuan and its periphery argue that with the new developments being built in the area, traffic demand in will be large. The extension of Line 14 into the area will improve access and transport capacity. Wangjing residents opposed proposal put forward by Tiantongyuan residents believing that the huge passenger flow from an extension to Tiantongyuan will overwhelm Line 14 which is already slated to serve their neighborhood. Wangjing is a large community with significant commercial areas close to Chaoyang District north east of the fourth ring road. Although numerous buses connect Wangjing with its vicinity and the city center, it is still suffering from traffic congestion. The existing Metro Line 13 Wangjing West Station is too far from the commercial center of the Wangjing, making access not convenient. Wangjing residents proposed Line 14 to terminate at Wangjing as originally planned. The proposal by Tiantongyuan residents has been rejected by planning authorities. Instead authorities proposed to construct a new north south express subway line called Line 17 (formerly R2 line) through eastern Tiantongyuan to serve Tiantongyuan. Construction of Line 17 begin in 2015.

    References

    Line 14, Beijing Subway Wikipedia


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