| 246.75 km2 |
1608 (as the village of Cavasi)
Patty G. Alsua Liberal Party
Ligao, often referred to as Ligao City, (Central Bikol: Ciudad kan Ligao; Filipino: Lungsod ng Ligao) is a fourth class city in the province of Albay, Philippines, 500 kilometres (310 mi) south-east of Manila. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,399 people.
The name Ligao is derived from the local word "ticao", once an abundant tree whose poisonous leaves were used to catch fish in rivers or creeks. Most Ligaoeños, however, believe that the name Ligao was originally "licau" which means to take the long way around or to turn away from the ordinary or usual route.
Ligao started as a small settlement known as 'Cavasi' in the 16th century. It grew in population as it attracted natives from nearby settlements. Eventually, power struggles among ambitious and aggressive leaders caused trouble as they created divisions among the settlement. There arose five divisions led by maginoos (chieftains): Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Peace was only restored when Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other chieftains.
The town was founded as a barrio of Polangui in 1606, being ceded to Oas in 1665, and finally becoming an independent municipality in 1666. It gained city status on March 24, 2001, after a plebiscite with an overwhelming Yes vote of 17,753 as against 1,387 No votes.
Ligao City is politically subdivided into 55 barangays. There are 11 urban and 44 rural barangays, of which 3 are coastal barangays.