Institutions Peking University
|Name Li Siguang|
|Alma mater University of Birmingham|
Died April 29, 1971, Beijing, China
Education University of Birmingham
Statue of Li Siguang in Chinese National Park
Li Siguang (Chinese: 李四光; pinyin: Lǐ Sìguāng; 1889–1971), born Li Zhongkui, is the founder of China's geomechanics. He was an ethnic Mongol. He made outstanding contributions to changing the situation of "oil deficiency" in the country, enabling the large-scale development of oil fields to raise the country to the ranks of the world's major oil producers.
A native of Huanggang, Hubei, Li studied in Japan and the UK in his early years. He became a geological professor at Peking University upon his return from abroad in 1920. Li Siguang was Wuhan University building preparatory chairman from July 1928 to April 1938. He was the president of National Central University (Nanjing University) in 1932.
After the People's Republic of China was established, Li held the positions of vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and minister of geology.