Samiksha Jaiswal

Lake Chilwa

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Location  Zomba District
Basin countries  Malawi
Max. width  40 km (25 mi)
Area  600 kmĀ²
Length  60 km
Primary outflows  none
Max. length  60 km (37 mi)
Islands  Chisi
Surface elevation  627 m
Width  40 km
Lake Chilwa httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsdd
Primary inflows  Naisi, Thondwe, Phalombe District, Domasi
Similar  Liwonde National Park, Lengwe National Park, Chongoni Rock Art Area, Zomba Massif, Mulanje Mountain Forest Re

Lake chilwa chisi island malawi


Lake Chilwa is the second-largest lake in Malawi after Lake Malawi. It is in eastern Zomba District, near the border with Mozambique. Approximately 60 km long and 40 km wide, the lake is surrounded by extensive wetlands. There is a large island in the middle of the lake called Chisi Island. The lake has no outlet, and the level of water is greatly affected by seasonal rains and summer evaporation. In 1968, the lake disappeared during exceptionally dry weather. When David Livingstone visited the lake in 1859, he reported that its southern boundary reached as far as the Mulanje Massif, which would have made the lake at least 20 miles longer than it is today.

Contents

Map of Lake Chilwa

The Danish International Development Agency, in cooperation with the Government of Malawi has been working to ensure preservation of the lake and its wetlands. The Lake Chilwa Basin Climate Change Adaption Programme (LCBCCAP) has been introduced to conserve the sensitive area, which is not only an important wetland for local fauna, but also a major source for fish products in the region.

Malawi protecting lake chilwa s fishermen


Wildlife

The most common fish species of Lake Chilwa are Barbus paludinosus, Oreochromis shiranus chilwae, Clarias gariepinus, Alestes (or Brycinus) imberi and Gnathonemus. The lake supports a waterbird population of around 1.5 million with about 160 different species. Some of these migrate along the Asian - East African Flyway from Siberia each year. With twelve bird species, the number is over 1% of their total flyway population. The surrounding human population is dense and growing, and waterbirds are hunted for food when the water level is low and fishing is problematic. Efforts are being made to ensure that hunting is done in a sustainable manner.

Economy

About 335 villages with over 60,000 inhabitants engage in fishing the lake, and pull in over 17,000 metric tons each year, 20% of all the fish caught in Malawi.

References

Lake Chilwa Wikipedia


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