Puneet Varma (Editor)

Laburnum anagyroides

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Tribe  Genisteae
Scientific name  Laburnum anagyroides
Rank  Species
Order  Fabales
Subfamily  Faboideae
Genus  Laburnum
Higher classification  Golden chain tree
Laburnum anagyroides httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons66
Similar  Golden chain tree, Laburnum alpinum, Cytisus, Legumes, Cytisus scoparius

Laburnum anagyroides


Laburnum anagyroides, the common laburnum, golden chain or golden rain, is a species in the subfamily Faboideae, and genus Laburnum. Laburnum alpinum is closely related. It is native to Central and Southern Europe.

Contents

Laburnum anagyroides GardensOnline Laburnum anagyroides

The plant grows and flowers in damp and mild habitats, especially in the calcareous soils of Southern Europe.

Goldenchain tree laburnum anagyroides


Description

Laburnum anagyroides Golden Chain Tree Laburnum anagyroides Seeds BiodiverSeed

The plant is a small deciduous tree or large shrub up to 7 metres (23 ft) tall. It has smooth bark, dark green spreading branches and pendulous and pubescent twigs. The leaves are generally trifoliate and oval with long petioles, smooth on the upperside and hairy on the underside. It flowers during May and June.

Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum Golden chain tree PFAF Plant Database

Laburnum anagyroides blooms in late spring with pea-like, yellow flowers densely packed in pendulous racemes 10–25 cm (4–10 in) long. The flowers are golden yellow, sweet scented, and typically bloom in May.

Laburnum anagyroides Laburnum anagyroides YouTube

The seeds are legumes with large numbers of black seeds that contain cytisine, an alkaloid extremely poisonous to humans as well as goats and horses, especially when not ripe. However, some wild animals such as hares and deer can feed on them without any problems, and because of this the plant is believed to have magic properties in some regions.

All parts of the plant contain cytisine and are poisonous if consumed.

Uses

Laburnum anagyroides FileCytise Laburnum anagyroidesjpg Wikimedia Commons

The wood is hard and heavy, of a yellow/brown colour, ideal for making posts, for woodturning and as fuel. In the past (and today on historic re-enactments) it was used for making bows.

The tree is also known as false ebony since the wood from very old specimens could be used in place of ebony.

Cultivation

Laburnum anagyroides is cultivated as an ornamental tree. The most common ornamental plant in the genus is a hybrid between this species and Laburnum alpinumLaburnum × watereri.

In culture

The English poet Francis Thompson described the laburnum in one of his poems:

Mark yonder, how the long laburnum drips
Its jocund spilth of fire, its honey of wild flame!

The writer J. R. R. Tolkien was inspired by the laburnum for his creation of Laurelin, one of the two mythological trees in The Silmarillion, and Tolkien's description of it is strongly influenced by Thompson's verses.

References

Laburnum anagyroides Wikipedia


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