Kloten is first mentioned in 1155 as Chlotun.
Kloten is located in the Glatt Valley, some 10 km (6.2 mi) north of the city of Zürich. It is the nearest village to Zürich Airport, and the airport terminal and much of the airfield are within the municipal boundaries.
Kloten has an area of 19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi). Of this area, 34.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 38.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
Kloten has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 19,086. As of 2007, 26.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (78.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.2%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 3.1%).
In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (16.3%), the CSP (9.5%) and the FDP (8.7%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 68.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.5%. In Kloten about 70.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Kloten has an unemployment rate of 3.12%. As of 2005, there were 91 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector; 4,545 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 109 businesses in this sector; 23,154 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 888 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
There is one library providing books, DVDs, newspapers, etc.
The passenger terminal of Zürich Airport lie in the west of the municipality of Kloten, and much of the rest of the airport is also within the municipal boundaries. A large amount of ground transportation infrastructure, both road and rail, serves the airport and, to a lesser extent, the rest of Kloten.
Kloten is linked with Zürich via the A51 motorway and with Bülach via the same motorway. It also lies on roads taking to many places, such as Winterthur to the east.
There are three railway stations within the municipality. Zürich Airport station is situated in the basement of the airport terminal, and is served by long-distance trains to cities throughout Switzerland, as well as by Zürich S-Bahn lines S2 and S16. Kloten station and Balsberg station are served by S-Bahn line S7. The west of the municipality is also served by Zürich tram routes 10 and 12, operating over the Stadtbahn Glattal light rail system. The trams serve stops at Zürich Airport, and at Balsberg station.
Swiss International Air Lines has an office on the property of Zürich Airport and in Kloten, consisting of the Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie buildings. Swiss World Cargo has its head office in the Alpha and Bravo buildings. Swiss Private Aviation has its head office in the Swiss complex. The corporate offices for Swissôtel are located in the Prioria Business Center on the property of Zürich Airport and in Kloten.
When Swissair existed, its head office was on the property of Zürich Airport and in Kloten.
Kloten is the home of EHC Kloten of the National League (NL). The team plays its home games in the 7,800-seat Swiss Arena.
The Schule Kloten is the city's school system, holding primary school classes in four campuses and sekundarstufe classes in two campuses.
Primary school campuses include Dorf/Feld Primar, Hinterwelden Primar, Nägelimoos Primar, and Spitz Primar. The two secondary campuses are Nägelimoos Sekundar and Spitz Sekundar. In addition there is a Berufswahlschule and a Musikschule.