Siddhesh Joshi

King Wen of Zhou

Father  King Ji of Zhou
Spouse  Tai Si
Died  1056 BC
Name  King of
Mother  Tairen

Reign  1099–1050 BC (49 years)
Issue  Boyi Kao Ji Fa, King Wu of Zhou Ji Xian, Marquess of Guan Ji Dan, Duke of Zhou Ji Du, Marquess of Chai Ji Wu, Earl of Cheng Ji Chu, Marquess of Huo Ji Feng, Marquess of Wei Ji Zheng, Earl of Mao Ranjizai, Lord of Dan Lord of Gao Viscount of Yong Ji Zhenduo, Earl of Cao Ji Xiu, Viscount of Teng Ji Gao, Earl of Bi Earl of Yuan Marquess of Feng Marquess of Xun Cen Zi
Grandchildren  King Cheng of Zhou, Bo Qin, Shu Yu of Tang
Children  King Wu of Zhou, Duke of Zhou
Books  I Ching: Passages 5. Plural (They) Edition
Similar People  King Wu of Zhou, Jiang Ziya, Duke of Zhou, King Cheng of Zhou, Tai Si

King Wen of Zhou (Chinese: 周文王; pinyin: Zhōu Wén Wáng; 1152 – 1056 BC) was king of Zhou during the late Shang dynasty in ancient China. Although it was his son Wu who conquered the Shang following the Battle of Muye, King Wen was honored as the founder of the Zhou dynasty. A large number of the hymns of the Classic of Poetry are praises to the legacy of King Wen. Some consider him the first epic hero of Chinese history.


King Wen of Zhou King Wen of Zhou Wikipedia


Born Ji Chang (姬昌), Wen was the son of Tai Ren and Ji Jili, the king of a small state along the Wei River in present-day Shaanxi. His father was betrayed and executed by the Shang king Wen Ding in the late 12th century BC.

He married Tai Si and had at least ten sons.

At one point, King Zhou of Shang, fearing Wen's growing power, imprisoned him in Youli (present-day Tangyin in Henan). However, many officials respected Wen for his honorable governance and they gave King Zhou so many gifts – including gold, horses, and women – that he released Wen, who subsequently planned to overthrow King Zhou but died before he could accomplish it. His second son, King Wu, followed his father's wishes and crushed the Shang at Muye, creating the imperial Zhou dynasty.


Many of the older odes from the Classic of Poetry (Shijing 詩經) are hymns in praise of King Wen. King Wen is also credited with having stacked the eight trigrams in their various permutations to create the sixty-four hexagrams of the I Ching. He is also said to have written the judgments which are appended to each hexagram. The most commonly used sequence of the 64 hexagrams is attributed to him and is usually referred to as the King Wen sequence.

Posthumous Honors

In 196 BC, Han Gaozu gave King Wen the title "Greatest of All Kings".


King Wen of Zhou Wikipedia

Similar Topics
Duke of Zhou
Jiang Ziya
King Cheng of Zhou