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Country  Russia
Administratively subordinated to  City of Kaspiysk
Urban okrug  Kaspiysk Urban Okrug
Area  32.94 km²
Population  102,421 (2012)
Federal subject  Republic of Dagestan
Administrative center of  City of Kaspiysk
Administrative center of  Kaspiysk Urban Okrug
Local time  Saturday 1:29 AM
Kaspiysk httpsmw2googlecommwpanoramiophotosmedium
Weather  6°C, Wind SE at 29 km/h, 91% Humidity

Kaspiysk (Russian: Каспи́йск; Lak: Ккасппи; Dargin; Lezgian; Avar: Каспийск) is a city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the Caspian Sea, 18 kilometers (11 mi) southeast of Makhachkala. The 2010 Russian census recorded the city as being the fourth-largest in Dagestan. It is a working-class satellite-city to Makhachkala.


Map of Kaspiysk, Dagestan Republic, Russia


The city is one of the newer urban centers in Dagestan. It began in 1932 as a worker's encampment, servicing the needs of the nearby naval diesel engine manufacturer, Dagdizel. At the time, it was called Dvigatelstroy (Дви́гательстро́й), based upon the Russian word for "engine". During World War II, the site saw much growth due to the war effort, and became a center for major arms producers. In 1947, the settlement received the status of a city, and was given its current name, reflecting its location on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

Chechen Wars

On November 16, 1996, 68 people were killed in a Chechen bomb attack targeting a military building.

On May 9, 2002, 43 people were killed in Chechen bomb attack on a Victory Day parade.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Kaspiysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the City of Kaspiysk is incorporated as Kaspiysk Urban Okrug.


Population: 100,129 (2010 Census); 77,650 (2002 Census); 60,069 (1989 Census); 43,000 (1972).

Ethnic groups (2002 census):

  • Dargins (20.7%)
  • Lezgins (18.0%)
  • Laks (15.1%)
  • Russians (13.2%)
  • Avars (13.1%)
  • Kumyks (9.9%)
  • Tabasarans (5.2%)
  • Aghuls (1.1%)
  • Azerbaijanis (0.9%)
  • Islam

    Islam is the majority faith in the city, which is home to about ten mosques.

    Russian Orthodox

    The city belongs to the diocese of Makhachkala. Kaspiysk parish was formed in 1990 with the blessings of the Metropolitan of Stavropol and Baku, and was officially registered in 1994. In 2000, the community consecrated St. Kazan church.

    Seventh Day Adventists

    In 2010, the Seventh Day Adventists dedicated a house of worship in the city. It became the target of two explosives attacks within two months.


    The city is home to:

  • Dagdizel machine-building factory, founded in 1932. It produces diesel engines, electric motors, torpedoes, and other products for the Russian Navy.
  • JSC Caspian Sea precision mechanics - machine-building factory, founded in 1960. It manufactures maritime navigation equipment for military and commercial use.
  • a brick factory
  • a stone processing factory.
  • At the North side of the city is a seaport.


    The city is hosts the Anzhi Arena stadium, home to the FC Anzhi Makhachkala Russian football club, which competes in the Russian Football Premier League.

    The city was to bid to host the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics, however the bid was abandoned due to a lack of government support.

    Notable people

  • Gaydarbek Gaydarbekov (born 1976), boxer
  • Sultan Ibragimov (born 1975), boxer
  • Leonid Mikhelson (born 1955), entrepreneur
  • Magomed Omarow (born 1989), boxer
  • Zamira Rakhmanova (born 1985), wrestler
  • Albert Selimov (born 1986), boxer
  • Miscellaneous

    The city is home to a large naval storage facility that houses Russian hovercraft and ekranoplans.


    Kaspiysk Wikipedia