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Karoly Hokky

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Name  Karoly Hokky
Died  1971
Role  Politician
Education  Eotvos Lorand University

Karoly Hokky (known as Charles J. Hokky in the later part of his life) (1888, in Szepsi, Abauj-Torna County, Kingdom of Hungary – 1971, in Cleveland), was a politician and educator, who due to changing political circumstances, could be defined early on as being a Hungarian, then as an ethnic Hungarian in Czechoslovakia, and later as a Hungarian-American; throughout the transitions though he kept a strong Hungarian political and cultural identity.

Contents

Early Life and Education

Hokky was born in what was Szepsi, in the Abauj-Torna County of the Kingdom of Hungary (present-day Moldava nad Bodvou in Slovakia) (another version places his birthplace at Abaujszepesi, Hungary).

He attended both Budapest University and Kolozsvar University (now Babes-Bolyai University at Cluj-Napoca, Romania).

He was a school teacher in Budapest and later in Kassa.

Military career

With the outbreak of the First World War he was drafted and served as infantry officer in the 34th Reserve, on the Russian Front. After being wounded he was given non-combat occupation duties.

After the war he returned to Kosice, but after the Czechoslovak Legions took over the city in 1919 he, like other Hungarian teachers, was dismissed from work. His writings about this period, even after many decades, show considerable bitterness towards the Czechoslovaks.

Political career

In 1921 he had a major role in founding the Christian Social Party of Carpathian Ruthenia and became its Secretary General.

In 1928 he was elected as a Representative, and one year later as member of the National Assembly in Prague. In 1935 he was elected as a Czechoslovak Senator for a term which was to last until 1939. However, with the First Vienna Award he was deprived of his mandate, as his constituency was no longer part of Czechoslovakia.

After the Hungarian army occupied Carpathian Ruthenia, the newly created Hungarian National Council invited him to serve as Member of Hungarian Parliament instead.

On 1944 he fled before the advancing Soviet troops, as did many ehtnic Hungarians in Carpathian Ruthenia.

Eventually he reached the United States, where he spent the rest of his life, involved in Hungarian anti-Communist emigre circles.

Archive

Hokky's papers in Hungarian and English for the 1954–1970 period, including correspondence (especially with Maria Ugron Podhorszky) and writings are deposited in the Hungarian American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota ([1]) (note: biography on this site wrongly attributes his military service to WWII rather than WWI).

References

Karoly Hokky Wikipedia


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