Karditsa (Greek: Καρδίτσα, [karˈðit͡sa]) is a city in western Thessaly in mainland Greece. The city of Karditsa is the capital of Karditsa regional unit.
Inhabitation is attested from 9000 BC. Karditsa ls linked with GR-30, the road to Karpenisi, and the road to Palamas and Larissa. Karditsa is south-west of Palamas and Larissa, west of Farsala and the Volos area, north-west of Athens, Lamia, Domokos and Sofades, north of Karpenisi, north-east of Arta, and east-south-east of Trikala, Grevena, Ioannina, and Kalampaka.
Karditsa has schools, lyceums, gymnasium, the Veterinary Medicine Department of the University of Thessaly, three technical education departments, church, banks, a post office, a Railway station on the Trikala - Karditsa - Domokos line, a sports ground, a water tower, and squares. Karditsa is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in Greece with an extensive network of bicycle paths. Approximately 30% of all the city transportation, according to the National Technical University of Athens, is done by bicycles.
During the period of Ottoman rule in Thessaly, the main settlement in the location of modern Karditsa was called Sotira,. In 1810, the English traveler William Martin Leake mentioned a sprawling village named Kardhítza, consisting of between 500-600 houses, of which the majority of the inhabitants were Turkish.
Karditsa was incorporated as a new city in 1882, the year after its liberation from the Ottoman Empire.
During World War II, the resistance in Thessaly was fought primarily by the ELAS. In March 12, 1943 Karditsa was the first city in Europe to be liberated from Nazi occupation in the campaign fought by the ELAS.
The municipality Karditsa was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units:Itamos
The municipality has an area of 647.3878 km2, the municipal unit 110.086 km2.
The municipal unit of Karditsa is divided into six parts (communities):Agiopigi
Karditsa has many clubs in various sport. The most of them are active in football such as Anagennisi Karditsa, AO Karditsa, Asteras Karditsa and Elpides Karditsas. The club SPA Karditsa is active in volleyball.