| Kang Pan-sok|
Kim Il-sung's mother
| Kim Il-sung|
| 21 April 1892 (1892-04-21) |
July 19, 1932, Jilin, China
Kim Jong-il, Kim Kyong-hui, Kim Pyong-il, Kim Man-il, Kim Yong-il, Kim Kyong-Jin
Kim Jong-un, Kim Jong-chul, Kim Jong-nam
Kim Il‑sung, Kim Hyong‑jik, Kim Jong‑il, Kim Jong‑suk, Kim Sung‑ae
Kang Pan-sok Wikipedia
Kang Pan-sŏk (21 April 1892 – 31 July 1932) was the mother of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung, grandmother of the late leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il, and great-grandmother of the current leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un. She was a Korean independence activist and communist politician. April 21 is a day of memorial for her in North Korea, when a wreath-laying ceremony is held at Chilgol Revolutionary Site, in what was Chilgol-ri, a town once in Pyongan Province and today part of Pyongyang.
In North Korea, Kang Pan-sŏk is referred to as the "Mother of Korea" or "Great Mother of Korea". Both titles are shared with Kim Jong-il's mother Kim Jong-suk. However, it was Kang Pan-sŏk who was the first family member of Kim Il-sung to have a cult of personality of her own to supplement that of his son, from the late 1960s onwards. In 1967 Rodong Sinmun praised her as the "mother of all". The same year, the Democratic Women's League initiated a campaign called "Learning from Madame Kang Pan-sŏk". There is a song by the name of "Mother of Korea" in her honor, as well as a hagiographic biography, also called The Mother of Korea (1968).
The Protestant Chilgol Church in Pyongyang is dedicated to the memory of Kang Pan-sok, who was a Presbyterian. Her name meant "rock", having been named for Saint Peter.