| 81 km²|
Kamyshin (Russian: Камы́шин) is a city in Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Volgograd Reservoir of the Volga River, in the estuary of the Kamyshinka River. Population: 119,565 (2010 Census); 127,891 (2002 Census); 122,463 (1989 Census); 101,000 (1972); 24,000 (1939).
It was founded in 1667 on the left bank of the Kamyshinka River. In 1710, all of its inhabitants were relocated to the fortress of Dmitriyevsk (Дмитриевск) on the opposite bank of the river. In 1780, the name was changed to Kamyshin and it was granted town status. In the 19th century, Kamyshin turned into a merchant city with sawmills and windmills. It was formerly famous for its watermelon trade.
Near Kamyshin, the Volga is quite close—17 kilometers (11 mi)—to the upper reaches of the Ilovlya River, the tributary of the Don. The distance between the sources of the Kamyshinka River, the tributary of the Volga, and the Ilovlya is only a little more than 4 kilometers (2.5 mi). In this place in ancient times there existed a portage ("volok") many times used by the troops invading the land of the Khazars, and moving from the Don basin to the Volga. In the 16th century, the Turkish Sultan Selim II attempted to build a canal here. A similar effort was later made by Peter the Great who built the fort, originally named Petrovsk, to protect workmen during the (unfinished) construction of the canal.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kamyshin serves as the administrative center of Kamyshinsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Kamyshin—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Kamyshin is incorporated as Kamyshin Urban Okrug.
The city lies within the humid continental climate zone, and experiences four distinct seasons.
FC Tekstilshchik Kamyshin now plays in Russian Second Division; however, in 1992-1996 the club played in the top tier of Russian association football, achieving fourth place in 1993. This was followed by the campaign in the UEFA Cup where Tekstilshchik reached the second round.
Near Kamyshin, there is a 330-meter (1,080 ft) tall guyed TV mast, which belongs to the tallest man-made structures in Volgograd Oblast.Alexey Maresyev, flying ace
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