| Joachim Messing|
| Wolf Prize in Agriculture|
Joachim Messing Wikipedia
Joachim W. Messing (born 1946) is a university professor of Molecular Biology and the fourth director of the Waksman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University.
Since his arrival at Rutgers in 1985, Jo Messing has initiated research activity on computational and structural biology and further emphasis on molecular genetics of the regulation of gene expression and biomolecular interactions. In the eighties, he provided incubator space for two Biotechnology centers at Rutgers, one in Medicine and one in Agriculture. Subsequently, he also founded two new departments at Rutgers and served as the first chair, the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry and the Department of Genetics.
Prof Messing is also involved in the Plant Genome Initiative at Rutgers, which has contributed to the sequencing of the maize, sorghum, and the rice genome. Besides maize, sorghum, and rice, they have also contributed to the sequencing of the Brachypodium and Spirodela genomes.
Jo Messing is a pharmacist by training, but has specialized in molecular biology during his PhD-research at the LM University of Munich and the Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry.
In the late seventies and early eighties, Jo Messing and his colleagues developed the shotgun DNA sequencing method with single and paired synthetic universal primers. The method is based on fragmenting DNA into small sizes, purifying them by cloning, and defining the start of sequencing with a short oligonucleotide. Because fragmentation produces overlapping fragments, sequences can be concatenated by overlapping sequence information, thereby reconstructing contiguous sequences (contigs), which was first exemplified by the complete structure of a plant DNA virus. His cloning vectors were also used to develop the method for oligonucleotide site-directed mutagenesis. DNA cloning, shotgun sequencing and site-directed mutagenesis became widely used to sequence large DNA molecules like human chromosomes and to engineer genes and proteins. These methods are freely available, have been the cornerstone of the biotechnology industry and are cited in many patents.
At Rutgers, his plant genetics initiatives are directed towards the evolution of plant chromosomes and gene duplication. He also researches non-Mendelian inheritance. Applied research in these genomic sequences have permitted his laboratory to study the organization and evolution of the genes that control the supply of proteins for nutrition and as sources of biofuel. Projects with maize focused on upgrading the nutritional value of corn by genetically modifying corn to make methionine and lysine in the seeds, two essential amino acids that people and livestock need in their diet. Investigating the genetic properties of sorghum has led to a natural sorghum variant with increased sugar in the stem allows the plant to be used for both biofuel and feed. Most recent initiatives investigating the properties of spirodela (duckweed) has led to its discovery as an alternative bio-energy source.1968: B.S. in Pharmacy, Düsseldorf, Germany
1971: M.S. in Pharmacy, Free University of Berlin, Berlin
1975: Dr. rer. nat. in Biochemistry/Pharmacy Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
1975–1978: Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Munich, Germany
1978–1980: Research Associate in Bacteriology, University of California, Davis, CA
1980–1982: Assistant Professor of Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN
1982–1984: Associate Professor of Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN
1984–1985: Professor of Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN
1985–present: University Professor of Molecular Biology, Rutgers University
1988–present: Director, Waksman Institute, Rutgers University
1981-1990 World's most-cited scientist
1985-1986 The most cited 1985 paper in the life sciences
2002 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
2004 United States Secretary of Agriculture Honor Award for (US Rice Genome)
2007 Member of the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina (Germany)
2009 Inaugural Chair of the Selman Waksman Endowed Chair in Molecular Genetics at Rutgers University
2013 Wolf Prize in Agriculture
2014 Elected to the 100 Most Influential People in New Jersey in Food Category
2014 Promega Biotechnology Research Award of American Society of Microbiology
2015 Fellow of American Academy of Microbiology
2015 Member of National Academy of Sciences
2016 Rutgers University created Joachim Messing Endowed Chair in Molecular Genetics
2016 Member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences