1.315 million (2000)
Jiangyin (simplified Chinese: 江阴; traditional Chinese: 江陰; pinyin: Jiāngyīn; Wade–Giles: Chiangyin, Jiangyin dialect: [kɐ̞ŋ.jɪŋ]) is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Jiangyin is one of the most important transport hubs on the Yangtze River, it is also one of the most developed counties in China.
Jiangyin's name means "River Shade", from its location on the south or shady side of the Yangtze River.
Jiangyin was a township of Yanling (later Piling) county initially. Since the township was located in the north of Ji Lake, it was given the name "Jiyang". In 281, it was promoted as a county of Piling commandery. In 558, Jiangyin commandery whose jurisdiction equating to the modern city's was established.
In 1472, the sandbank in the Yangtze River was independent from the county to establish Jingjiang county.
In 1645, the draconian enforcement of the decree which adopting the Manchu hair style and dress inflamed the local Han Chinese people's spirit to resist. Since the ultimatum "either lose your hair or lose your head" was given, they hold the walled city against Qing sieges under a magistrate Yan Yingyuan's leadership. The resistance lasted 81 days. After the city was captured, the Qing army massacred the citizens to vented their anger: there were about 67,000 deaths in the city, and also about 75,000 deaths out of the city.
On 23 April 1987, Jiangyin was approved by the State Council of China to turn into a county-level city.
Jiangyin Train Ferry Line is the only one remains across the Yangtze River, it is a part of the Xinyi–Changxing Railway.Xu Xiake (1587-1641) - noted traveller and geographer
Liu Bannong (1891–1934) - writer
Liu Tianhua (1895–1932) - musician and composer
Miao Quansun (缪荃孙) (1844-1919) - Academic, catalog writer, bibliophile, founder of modern Chinese librarianship
Shangguan Yunzhu - movie star
Yu Minhong - Chairman and President of New Oriental Education & Technology Group
Zhan ji qin-Philanthropist