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Jane Randolph Jefferson

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Full Name  Jane Randolph
Name  Jane Jefferson

Role  Peter Jefferson's wife
Spouse  Peter Jefferson (m. 1739)
Born  February 9, 1721 (1721-02-09) Shadwell, Tower Hamlets, London, United Kingdom
Died  March 31, 1776, Massachusetts, United States
Parents  Isham Randolph of Dungeness
Children  Thomas Jefferson, Lucy Jefferson Lewis, Randolph Jefferson
Grandchildren  Eston Hemings, Martha Jefferson Randolph
Similar People  Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson, Isham Randolph of Dunge, Martha Jefferson, Martha Jefferson Randolph

Jane Randolph Jefferson, née Jane Randolph (February 9, 1720 – March 31, 1776) was the wife of Peter Jefferson and the mother of president Thomas Jefferson. Born in the parish of Shadwell, near London, she was the daughter of Isham Randolph, a ship's captain.


Early life and education

Jefferson personally showed little interest in his ancestry and details of his mother's life must be gleaned from public records and inscribed family bibles. She was born on February 9, 1720, at Shakspear Walk, in Shadwell, a maritime village about a mile east of the Tower of London, the daughter of Isham Randolph, mariner, and his wife Jane. Isham was the son of William Randolph, a major Virginia planter, and Jane Rogers of London, who were married in Bishopsgate Church in the City of London in 1717. Jane Randolph Jefferson was a first cousin of Peyton Randolph and aunt of Edmund Randolph. She had an older brother, Isham, born two streets away in 1718, who died shortly after his baptism.

She most likely immigrated to Virginia as a child with her family by 1725 and, as was common in the eighteenth century, received her education entirely at home. While Jefferson rarely mentioned his mother, much is known of her from extant records, particularly her ability to manage the family's finances.

Marriage and family

Randolph married Peter Jefferson, a surveyor and minor planter, at her father's plantation, Dungeness, in Virginia in 1739. Shortly afterwards they established a home near Charlottesville, which they named Shadwell, after her London birthplace. Together, they had the following children:

  • Jane Jefferson (1740–1765) - close to her brother Thomas, she died unmarried at age 25.
  • Mary Jefferson Bolling (1741–1817) - her husband John Bolling served in the Virginia House of Burgesses.
  • Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), third President of the United States
  • Elizabeth Jefferson (1744–1774).
  • Martha Jefferson Carr (1746–1811) - her husband Dabney Carr, Thomas Jefferson's best friend and a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, helped launch the intercolonial Committee of Correspondence in Virginia in March 1773
  • Lucy Jefferson Lewis (1752–1810)
  • Anna Scott Jefferson Marks (1755–1828) – twin of Randolph
  • Randolph Jefferson (1755–1815) – twin of Anna Scott
  • Jane Randolph Jefferson died from what Jefferson described as an "apoplexy" on March 31, 1776, barely three months before Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence.


    Jane Randolph Jefferson Wikipedia

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