James Rariden (February 14, 1795 – October 20, 1856) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana.
Born near Cynthiana, Kentucky, Rariden received a limited schooling. He moved to Brookville, Indiana, and later to Salisbury, where he served as deputy clerk of court and studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1818 and began practice in Centerville, Indiana, in 1820. He served as prosecuting attorney 1822–1825. He served in the State senate in 1823 and as a member of the State house of representatives in 1829, 1830, 1832, and 1833.
Rariden was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1841). In 1846, he moved to Cambridge City, Indiana. He served as delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1850. He died in Cambridge City, Indiana on October 20, 1856 and was interred in Riverside Cemetery.