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James H Nicholson

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Cause of death
James Nicholson

Years active

Film producer


Film producer

James H. Nicholson tvarajfileswordpresscom201210samuelzarkoffjpg

Full Name
James Harvey Nicholson

September 14, 1916 (

Known for
December 10, 1972, Los Angeles, California, United States

Susan Hart (m. 1964–1972), Sylvia Nicholson (m. ?–1964)

Luree Holmes, Laura Nicholson, Loretta Nicholson

Sebastian Harrison, Richard Harrison II, Joi Holmes, Robert Harrison

Dr Goldfoot and the B, Beach Party, The Amazing Colossal, The Legend of Hell House, Invasion of the Saucer Men

Similar People
Samuel Z Arkoff, Roger Corman, Floyd Crosby, Susan Hart, William Asher

A Few AIP Logos

James Harvey Nicholson (September 14, 1916 – December 10, 1972) was an American film producer. He is best known as the co-founder, with Samuel Z. Arkoff, of American International Pictures.


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Early life

As a child, Nicholson developed a love of movies, especially fantasy and science fiction films. While in high school, he joined a science fiction fan club, where he met Forrest J Ackerman. The two produced a fantasy fanzine together. Years later, Ackerman's magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland would heavily promote AIP's movies.


Nicholson's first work in the film industry was as the manager of two theaters in Omaha, Nebraska. The chain that owned the theaters soon went out business and Nicholson found himself unemployed. He drifted through a series of short-lived jobs, including running four revival movie theaters in Los Angeles. Nicholson was eventually hired by Realart Pictures in their advertising department; his job was to devise new campaigns for the old movies that Realart re-released, which often included retitling the films. A threat of a lawsuit from Alex Gordon, regarding a title similarity between one of Realart's reissues and a screenplay Gordon had written with Ed Wood with exactly the same title, led to Nicholson meeting Samuel Z. Arkoff, who was at that time Gordon's lawyer. Nicholson and Arkoff became friends and eventually decided to form a film distribution company together. The name of the company was American Releasing Corporation, which would change its name to American International Pictures a few years later.

Nicholson was known as the creative member of the partnership. His movie sense, combined with Arkoff's business savvy, led to AIP's long string of successful films aimed squarely at teenaged audiences. From 1954 to 1980, AIP released over 125 films, most of them released directly to drive-ins and grindhouses. Nicholson would often think up an exploitable title, and devise an entire advertising campaign complete with poster art, even before a script had been drafted. The films were mostly completed on low budgets, with shooting completed in two or three weeks (and sometimes only a few days) on rented stages at the Chaplin Studio, and nearly all of them turned profits.

Independent producer

In the early 1970s Nicholson left AIP and signed a contract with 20th Century Fox to produce movies. According to his then-wife, Susan Hart, he was going to make five films:

  • The Legend of Hell House
  • Black Father
  • Street People
  • The B People
  • Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry.
  • Nicholson's death meant only the first and last of these were made.

    Personal life

    Nicholson was married twice, the second time to actor Susan Hart. He had three daughters (Luree Holmes, Laura Nicholson, Loretta Nicholson) with his first wife and a son with Hart.


    Nicholson died in 1972 of a brain tumor. AIP continued for several more years before Arkoff, having lost interest in the movie business, allowed himself to be bought out by Filmways for $4.3 million.


    James H. Nicholson Wikipedia

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