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James H Nicholson

Cause of death  Brain tumor
Name  James Nicholson
Years active  1954–1972

Occupation  Film producer
Nationality  American
Role  Film producer
James H. Nicholson tvarajfileswordpresscom201210samuelzarkoffjpg
Full Name  James Harvey Nicholson
Born  September 14, 1916 (1916-09-14)
Employer  American International Pictures
Known for  Co-founder of American International Pictures
Died  December 10, 1972, Los Angeles, California, United States
Spouse  Susan Hart (m. 1964–1972), Sylvia Nicholson (m. ?–1964)
Children  Luree Holmes, Laura Nicholson, Loretta Nicholson
Grandchildren  Sebastian Harrison, Richard Harrison II, Joi Holmes, Robert Harrison
Movies  Dr Goldfoot and the B, Beach Party, The Amazing Colossal, The Legend of Hell House, Invasion of the Saucer Men
Similar People  Samuel Z Arkoff, Roger Corman, Floyd Crosby, Susan Hart, William Asher

James Harvey Nicholson (September 14, 1916 – December 10, 1972) was an American film producer. He is best known as the co-founder, with Samuel Z. Arkoff, of American International Pictures.

James H. Nicholson mediahollywoodcomimages777x10007480939jpg

Early life

As a child, Nicholson developed a love of movies, especially fantasy and science fiction films. While in high school, he joined a science fiction fan club, where he met Forrest J Ackerman. The two produced a fantasy fanzine together. Years later, Ackerman's magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland would heavily promote AIP's movies.

Career

Nicholson's first work in the film industry was as the manager of two theaters in Omaha, Nebraska. The chain that owned the theaters soon went out business and Nicholson found himself unemployed. He drifted through a series of short-lived jobs, including running four revival movie theaters in Los Angeles. Nicholson was eventually hired by Realart Pictures in their advertising department; his job was to devise new campaigns for the old movies that Realart re-released, which often included retitling the films. A threat of a lawsuit from Alex Gordon, regarding a title similarity between one of Realart's reissues and a screenplay Gordon had written with Ed Wood with exactly the same title, led to Nicholson meeting Samuel Z. Arkoff, who was at that time Gordon's lawyer. Nicholson and Arkoff became friends and eventually decided to form a film distribution company together. The name of the company was American Releasing Corporation, which would change its name to American International Pictures a few years later.

Nicholson was known as the creative member of the partnership. His movie sense, combined with Arkoff's business savvy, led to AIP's long string of successful films aimed squarely at teenaged audiences. From 1954 to 1980, AIP released over 125 films, most of them released directly to drive-ins and grindhouses. Nicholson would often think up an exploitable title, and devise an entire advertising campaign complete with poster art, even before a script had been drafted. The films were mostly completed on low budgets, with shooting completed in two or three weeks (and sometimes only a few days) on rented stages at the Chaplin Studio, and nearly all of them turned profits.

Independent producer

In the early 1970s Nicholson left AIP and signed a contract with 20th Century Fox to produce movies. According to his then-wife, Susan Hart, he was going to make five films:

  • The Legend of Hell House
  • Black Father
  • Street People
  • The B People
  • Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry.
  • Nicholson's death meant only the first and last of these were made.

    Personal life

    Nicholson was married twice, the second time to actor Susan Hart. He had three daughters (Luree Holmes, Laura Nicholson, Loretta Nicholson) with his first wife and a son with Hart.

    Death

    Nicholson died in 1972 of a brain tumor. AIP continued for several more years before Arkoff, having lost interest in the movie business, allowed himself to be bought out by Filmways for $4.3 million.

    References

    James H. Nicholson Wikipedia


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