19 June 1897 (age 93), Montgomery, Alabama, United States
9 June 1991 (aged 93)
James Homer Garrott (June 19, 1897 in Montgomery, Alabama – June 9, 1991) was an African-American Architect active in the Los Angeles area in the mid-20th century. He designed more than 200 buildings, including twenty-five churches and several public buildings. He has been described as a "pivotal black avant garde modernist of the 1940s era."
Garrott graduated from Los Angeles Polytechnic High School in 1917. He earned his architect's license in 1928. He then studied Architecture at the University of Southern California from 1930 to 1934. In 1946, Garrott was the second African-American admitted to the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in Los Angeles, after Paul R. Williams. His application was sponsored by Williams and Gregory Ain.
Garrott and Ain shared office space in the Granada Building beginning in 1939. Then they worked together in a "loose partnership" in the 1940s and 50s, and together designed a small office building that they shared in the Silver Lake neighborhood of Los Angeles. They were alternately “Garrott & Ain” or “Ain & Garrott,” depending on who was responsible for design, while on other projects they simply assisted each other’s solo work without credit. After World War II, Garrott joined his friend Gregory Ain, a prize winning architect, who together designed and built their architectural office, at 2311 Hyperion Avenue, within walking distance from Garrott’s home.
Garrott was “politically well connected” and received nine commissions from the Los Angeles County Government in the late 1950s.
Modernist architect, James “Jimmy” Homer Garrott, in addition to designing the Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Company at 4261 Central Avenue was a close friend of the eminent civil rights attorney Loren Miller. In early 1940, Garrott designed both of their Silver Lake split-level homes at 647 and 653 Micheltorena Street.