Jadavpur (Bengali:যাদবপুর) is a southern neighbourhood of Kolkata, India. Jadavpur is one of the important juncture in south kolkata. It is bounded by Dhakuria to the north, Tollygunge to the west, Santoshpur to the east and Garia to the south. Several of India's major learning institutes are located in Jadavpur, around the Raja SC Mullick Road, including the Jadavpur University, the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, KPC Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal's first private-public partnership medical college, the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology among others.
The Jadavpur market area is often casually referred to as the "8B" area, due to the sprawling 8B bus terminus that dominates the major crossing of the area. It is the centre of Jadavpur downtown, right across from Jadavpur University and a few hundred yards from KPC Medical College and Hospital and K.S. Roy T.B. Hospital.
Right after the independence, West Bengal recorded an enormous influx of people from East Bengal, now Bangladesh, a migration so large that the "displaced persons" made up nearly 18 per cent of Kolkata's population. To accommodate the sudden increase in population, a large number of colonies emerged within the Calcutta Corporation area itself. One of the areas of concentration of the refugee colonies was the southeast portion of the CMD in the Jadavpur, Tollygunj, Kasba, Santoshpur areas. The refugees were interested in building their huts of "darma and bamboo" in the low-lying and marshy areas near Calcutta and many of them, belonging to middle classes, wanted to be near the metropolis for occupational interests. This is how Jadavpur started. This gave rise to the para culture (aka neighborhood) there are a number of known paras and people not familiar with the area may need to know which specific para they are looking for.Jadavpur was named after late Jadav Narayan Sarkar, Zaminder of Sonarpur.
Jadavpur has tropical climate much like kolkata though the rainfall is heavier as the southern parts gets higher rainfall than the main city. The area gets flooded during the heavy monsoonal rain from June to October.The average maximum temperature is around 30 degree Celsius and average minimum temperature is around 25 degree Celsius. Annual rainfall is about 1900 mm.
Jadavpur is considered to be a residential area close to the shopping districts of Golpark and Gariahat, and adjacent to the residential areas of Jodhpur Park, Dhakuria, santoshpur and Golf Green. The South-eastern side of Jadavpur is connected to Santoshpur by the Santoshpur Flyover Bridge. Jadavpur is one of the busiest local train stations on the Sealdah line. Jadavpur also has a large number of buses servicing the area, some of which utilize the near proximity of the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass and the large 8B bus stand.
The jadavpur 8B area has recently become a very popular shopping destination, having shops of almost every need. This area is poised to become one of the most popular destination for shopping in south kolkata along with the gariahat area. Since Bengali cuisine is almost synonymous with fish, the Jadavpur market is a major place where you will get a wide variety of fishes, specially, the lake water fishes like Ilish mach (Hilsa fish), Pabda and the ever present Rui. Also available are sea water fishes like Pomfret and Mackerel. Vendors also offer chickens and geese; those chosen are slaughtered on the spot and usually carried home on rickshaws. It boasts of a large farmer's market, serviced by the rail line. Sukanta setu market is another busy situated in this area. It is mainly starts in morning and closes within couple of hours. The morning rush of vendors and buyers often creates traffic jam in this area.
Jadavpur has many air-conditioned restaurants and pastry outlets that cater to the local residents as well as to the students of Jadavpur University. College Street Coffee House has also their branch near Jadavpur market. Jadavpur is also green by Kolkata's standards, and boasts quite a few playgrounds. About five minutes walk from the Jadavpur market is Pal Bazar, another market on the north-east side of Jadavpur.
Recently, South City mall, said to be the biggest shopping parlor of its type in eastern India, has been opened at Prince Anwar Shah Road. It has definitely added some more value to the residents of this region.
Jadavpur is generally considered to be a quite desirable place to live in. However, two major problems are high traffic and congestion. Narrow, pre-urban roads lead to traffic congestion, compounded by cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws and a high population cause some of the worst traffic snarls in South Kolkata. Previously the marshy surrounds and uncovered drains gave Jadavpur a high mosquito population, a few times more than in other parts of South Kolkata; however malaria is pretty low or non-existent now.
Jadavpur 8B bus stand has been a commuting hub for last 50 years. In the 1960s to 1980s, people commuted in the city mostly by buses. The route 8B used to be a prominent one. Today there are various modes for public transportation. There are public and private buses, minibuses, taxi, rickshaws and auto-rickshaws.
The auto rickshaws are motorized three-wheelers which carry four to five passengers. One or two passengers sit next to the driver somewhat precariously. But it is an ideal vehicle to negotiate the narrow roads of Kolkata. Usually referred to by a shortened name "auto", they operate on fixed, short routes of 4 to 8 km. An auto ride is extremely cheap. Depending on the distance traveled, it cost a person between Rs. 5 to Rs. 12. The time taken is usually between 5 and 20 minutes. Various auto routes intersect at 8B bus stand. You can go to Garia to the south, Gariahat on the north, Santoshpur, Mukundapur to the east, Tollygunge subway station to the west and Ranikuthi to the south westAC1 Howrah Station – Jadavpur
AC4A Parnasree – Sapoorji Housing Estate
AC5 Howrah Station – Garia Bus Stand
AC9 Jadavpur – Salt Lake
AC9B Jadavpur – Ecospace
AC43 Golf Green – Airport Terminal
E1 Howrah Station – Jadavpur
S4B Haridebpur – Rajarhat New Town
S4D Parnasree – Rajarhat New Town
S5 Howrah Station – Garia Bus Stand
S5C Howrah Station – Nayabad (Garia)
S9 Jadavpur – Salt Lake Karunamoyee
S15G Dakshineshwar – Baruipur
S19 Jadavpur – Ultadanga
S31/S31A Jadavpur – Behala Chowrasta
S51 Eden City Maheshtala – Garia Bus Stand
M2 Birati – Tollygunge
1 Ramnagar – Palbazar
1A Ramnagar – Mukundapur
1B Ramnagar – Nayabad (Garia)
13C Old Dakghar – Baghajatin
17B Howrah Station – Baghajatin
37 Howrah Station – Dhakuria
37A Howrah Station – Nayabad (Garia)
41/1 B.B.D. Bagh – Netaji Nagar
45 Airport Gate No.1 – Baishnabghata
45A Gouripur – Garia Railway Station
45B Sealdah Station – Garia Railway Station
47B Kalindi – Dhanmath
80B Esplanade – Joyenpur
206 New Garia Station – Salt Lake AJ Block
212 Howrah Station – Palbazar
218 Babughat – Baruipur
223 B.T. College – Golf Green
240 Bagbazar – Golf Green
240/1 Bagbazar – Golf Green
251 Narendrapur – Esplanade/Babughat
KB17 Sonarpur – Salt Lake Karunamoyee
SD4 Garfa – Thakurpukur
SD16 Mukundapur – Sirakole
SD28 New Dakghar – Jadavpur Central Park
K8 Basudebpur – Sulekha
V9 Tollygunge – Unitech
MW1 Sulekha – Unitech
101 Garia Bus stand – B.B.D. Bagh
102 Patuli – B.B.D. Bagh
103 Jadavpur – B.B.D. Bagh
106 Nayabad (Mukundapur) – B.B.D. Bagh
110 Howrah Station – Golf Green
116 Howrah Station – Garia Railway Station
122 Jadavpur – Purbachal
124 Howrah Station – Garia Railway Station
135 Howrah Maidan – Baishnabghata
138 Airport Gate No.1 – Jadavpur
M8/1 Sonarpur Station – Khanna
On the cultural front, Jadavpur hosts one of the major Kali Pujas in Kolkata, called Nava-Kali (nine different forms of Goddess Kali).
People in this area are enthusiastic about important international sporting events - specially in soccer and cricket. Although the advent of cable TV has diminished the importance of local sports in Kolkata, the Ghotis-Bangal rivalry still perhaps go up a few notches of a barometer on the days of soccer matches between East Bengal and Mohan Bagan
Jadavpur is distinguished by the presence of one of India's top university Jadavpur University, and the leading research institutes of Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CGCRI), National Instruments (Jadavpur University has taken over the campus of this defunct company in 2009) and the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB). Jadavpur is also home to KPC Medical College and Hospital and K.S. Roy T.B. Hospital,West Bengal's first private-public partnership medical college initiated by the left-front government for the betterment of medical education in West Bengal, Jadavpur Vidyapith and Jadavpur High School, some of the leading South Kolkata schools and Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray Polytechnic, the leading premier polytechnic college in West Bengal.