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Jacques Rancière

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Region  Western Philosophy
Role  Philosopher
Name  Jacques Ranciere


Born  1940Algiers, French Algeria
Institutions  University of Paris VIII
Notable ideas  theories of democracy, disagreement, visual aesthetics, "part of no part"
Influenced  Simon Critchley, Kristin Ross, Slavoj Zizek, Levi Bryant, Todd May, Ernesto Laclau
Philosophical era  Contemporary philosophy, 20th-century philosophy
Influenced by  Michel Foucault, Louis Althusser, Karl Marx, Plato, Aristotle, Etienne Balibar, Jacques Lacan, Jean-Francois Lyotard
Books  The Emancipated Spectator, Dissensus: On Politics and Aest, Aisthesis: Scenes from the, The ignorant schoolmaster, The Future of the Image
Similar People  Alain Badiou, Louis Althusser, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Etienne Balibar

Education  Ecole Normale Superieure
Main interests  Politics, Aesthetics

Jacques ranci re an archaeology of the temporality of modernism and avant gardism 2014


Jacques Rancière ([ʁɑ̃sjɛʁ]; born 1940) is a French philosopher, Professor of Philosophy at European Graduate School in Saas-Fee and Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the University of Paris VIII: Vincennes—Saint-Denis who came to prominence when he co-authored Reading Capital (1968), with the structuralist Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser.

Contents

Jacques Rancière Jacques Ranciere Alchetron The Free Social Encyclopedia

Jaques rancie re mikkel bolt the hatred of democracy the art of conversation


Life and work

Jacques Rancière Jacques Rancire The European Graduate School

Rancière contributed to the influential volume Reading Capital before publicly breaking with Althusser over his attitude toward the May 1968 student uprising in Paris; Rancière felt Althusser's theoretical stance did not leave enough room for spontaneous popular uprising.

Jacques Rancière Jacques Rancire ou comment repenser la politique

Since then, Rancière has departed from the path set by his teacher and published a series of works probing the concepts that make up our understanding of political discourse, such as ideology and proletariat. He sought to address whether the working class in fact exists, and how the masses of workers that thinkers like Althusser referred to continuously enter into a relationship with knowledge, particularly the limits of philosophers' knowledge with respect to the proletariat. An example of this line of thinking is Rancière's book entitled Le philosophe et ses pauvres (The Philosopher and His Poor, 1983), a book about the role of the poor in the intellectual lives of philosophers.

Jacques Rancière Jacques Rancire Wikipedia

More recently Rancière has written on the topic of human rights and specifically the role of international human rights organizations in asserting the authority to determine which groups of people, again the problem of masses, justify human rights interventions and even war.

Rancière's book, The Ignorant Schoolmaster: Five Lessons in Intellectual Emancipation (original title Le Maître ignorant: Cinq leçons sur l'émancipation intellectuelle, published in 1987) was written for educators and educators-to-be. Through the story of Joseph Jacotot, Rancière challenges his readers to consider equality as a starting point rather than a destination. In doing so, he asks educators to abandon the themes and rhetoric of cultural deficiency and salvation. Rather than requiring informed schoolmasters to guide students towards prescribed and alienating ends, Rancière argues that educators can channel the equal intelligence in all to facilitate their intellectual growth in virtually unlimited directions. The schoolmaster need not know anything (and may be ignorant). Rancière begins with the premises that all are of equal intelligence and that any collective educational exercise founded on this principle can provide the insights from which knowledge is constructed. He claims that the poor and disenfranchised should feel perfectly able to teach themselves whatever it is they want to know. Furthermore, anyone can lead, and the oppressed should not feel bound to experts or reliant on others for their intellectual emancipation.

Jacotot advocated the 'equality of intelligence' and claimed that an ignorant person could teach another ignorant person. Rancière developed this idea in The Ignorant Schoolmaster, saying that “there is stultification whenever one intelligence is subordinated to another ... whoever teaches without emancipating stultifies”.

Influence

In 2006, it was reported that Rancière's aesthetic theory had become a point of reference in the visual arts, and Rancière has lectured at such art world events as the Frieze Art Fair. Former French presidential candidate Ségolène Royal described Rancière as her favourite philosopher.

Films

  • Marx Reloaded, Arte, April 2011.
  • Video lectures

  • Jacques Rancière. "What Makes Images Unacceptable?" on YouTube Pacific Northwest College of Art. Portland, Oregon, February 29, 2008
  • Jacques Rancière. "Nights of Labour." on YouTube Sarai Centre for the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS). Video Lecture. February 6, 2009
  • Jacques Rancière. "Negation and Cinematic Vertigo." European Graduate School. Video Lecture. August 2009
  • Interviews

  • "We Are Always Ignorant of our own Effects", Jacques Rancière interviewed by Pablo Bustinduy, in The Conversant, 2013
  • "Democracy Means Equality", interview in Radical Philosophy
  • Politics and Aesthetics, Jacques Ranciere interviewed by Peter Hallward, 2003
  • Eurozine interview with Ranciere, 2006
  • "Art Is Going Elsewhere. And Politics Has to Catch It", Jacques Rancière interviewed by Sudeep Dasgupta, 2008
  • 'The Politics of Aesthetics': Jacques Rancière Interviewed by Nicolas Vieillescazes this interview piece was first posted: 12-01-09 at the website of Naked Punch
  • [1], Jacques Rancière interviewed by Rye Dag Holmboe for The White Review
  • "Aesthetics against Incarnation: An Interview by Anne Marie Oliver," Critical Inquiry, 2008
  • (French) "Jean-Luc Godard, La religion de l'art. Entretien avec Jacques Rancière" paru dans CinémAction, « Où en est le God-Art ? », n° 109, 2003, pp. 106–112, reproduit sur le site d'analyse L'oBservatoire (simple appareil).
  • References

    Jacques Rancière Wikipedia


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