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Illuminati in popular culture

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Illuminati in popular culture

Founded by Adam Weishaupt in Bavaria in 1776, the Illuminati have been referred to in popular culture, in books and comics, television and movies, and games. A number of novelists, playwrights and composers are alleged to have been Illuminati members and to have reflected this in their work. Early conspiracy theories surrounding the Illuminati have inspired various creative works, and continue to do so.


Books and comics

  • Gothic literature had a particular interest in the theme of the Illuminati. The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction states that readers had a "scandalous vogue for German tales of the Illuminati." The Illuminati have a role in Horrid Mysteries, as in Montague Summers' introduction to a later reprint of it. The Illuminati also turn up in two spoofs of the gothic genre, which both also reference Horrid Mysteries, Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen and Nightmare Abbey by Thomas Love Peacock. A number of writers have indicated the familiarity of Mary Shelley with the early anti-Illuminati text Memoirs Illustrating the History of Jacobinism due to Percy Bysshe Shelley's enthusiasm for it and see its influence in Frankenstein, Zastrozzi and The Assassins particularly, reading the Monster itself as an amalgam of Shelley's Illuminati-influenced ideas and of the Illuminati itself, with the monster being created in Ingolstadt, where the Illuminati had been formed.
  • The Illuminatus! Trilogy by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson is a three-book science fiction series published in the 1970s, which is regarded as a cult classic particularly in the hacker community. An incomplete comic book version of the Illuminatus! was produced and published by Eye-n-Apple Productions and Rip Off Press between 1987 and 1991. Robert Anton Wilson also wrote The Historical Illuminati Chronicles in the early 1980s, and several other books and stories making use of it. A nine-hour theatrical adaptation was produced by Ken Campbell.
  • Umberto Eco's Foucault's Pendulum is a labyrinthine 1988 novel about all sorts of secret societies, including the Illuminati and the Rosicrucians.
  • Fallen Angels by Bernard Cornwell (under the pseudonym Susannah Kells) (1984). A love story set in the shadow of the Paris revolutionary guillotine and the grounds of Lazender Castle in England. The illuminati plot to bring revolution to England is a central thread.
  • Angels & Demons (German title: Illuminati), Dan Brown's 2000 precursor to 2003's The Da Vinci Code, is about an apparent Illuminati order plot to destroy its enemy the Catholic Church by using antimatter to blow up the Vatican while Papal elections are being held. In this novel the Illuminati movement was founded by Galileo Galilei, and others, as an enlightened reaction to persecution by the Catholic Church. They were initially based in Italy, but fled after four key members were executed by the Vatican. Apparently there are four churches to them in Rome, each representing one of the four elements. In actual fact, the Illuminati are indeed defunct and the events of the book are orchestrated as part of an elaborate scheme by its central antagonist. This is also the plot of the film of the same name. Simon Cox, writer of Cracking the Davinci Code, also wrote the book Illuminating Angels and Demons, in which he explains the facts behind the pagan signs and secret societies in Angels & Demons.
  • In Michael Romkey vampire novels, the Illuminati are an order of benevolent vampires, consisting of many famous figures throughout history (Beethoven, Mozart, etc.). The main character, David Parker, joins the order, but later leaves.
  • In Larry Burkett's book The Illuminati, "The Society" seeks world power.
  • In Marvel Comics, the Illuminati is a group of superheroes who joined forces and secretly work behind the scenes in Marvel's main shared universe.
  • In War & Peace by Leo Tolstoy, Count Pierre Bezukhov, a Freemason, is accused of attempting to introduce the ideals of Illuminism to his lodge.
  • In Kazue Kato's manga Blue Exorcist, the Illuminati are a secret organization that oppose the True Cross Order (an organization of exorcists that specializes in killing demons) and, by extension, the Vatican itself, which controls the Order. Their goal is to merge the world of humans and world of demons so that Satan, the king of all demons, can rule over the new world order.
  • Television and film

  • In the 1986 comedy film The Whoopee Boys, the "Bavarian Illuminati" is a group of men who learn how to charm their way into a high-society lifestyle.
  • In Simon West's 2001 film Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, a group of high-society villains call themselves Illuminati, developing a plan to rule the world. Along with Lara Croft's father, they claim that the Illuminati have existed for four millennia for this purpose.
  • In several episodes of the Walt Disney animated series Gargoyles, one of the major antagonists of the series, David Xanatos, was revealed to be a member of the Illuminati, and headed by that series' version of Peredur fab Ragnal, the son of Gawain.
  • The History Channel series Brad Meltzer's Decoded featured Illuminati author Mark Dice, who met with the show's investigators to discuss the Illuminati and their operations today.
  • The Illuminati is parodied in an episode of American Dad! called "Black Mystery Month", in which the "Illuminutty" is a secret organization involving the origin of peanut butter.
  • They are also parodied in The Cleveland Show, where hip-hop celebrities form an organization called the hip-hop Illuminati.
  • Bill Cipher, an antagonist demon character in the show Gravity Falls, is modeled after the Illuminati's supposed symbol, but also has arms, legs, and a top hat.
  • Games

  • Several games from Steve Jackson Games are based on the Mythos: the card game Illuminati and its trading card game reincarnation Illuminati: New World Order, and the role-playing game GURPS Illuminati.
  • The Illuminati appear as one of several secret societies in the Dark•Matter expansion book for TSR, Inc.'s tabletop role-playing game Alternity. When TSR was later acquired by Wizards of the Coast much of Alternity, including Dark•Matter, was incorporated into their d20 Modern RPG.
  • In the role-playing game Paranoia the Illuminati is a society so secret that all of its members are undercover, pretending to be members of one of the other, less secret, secret societies and presumably attempting to influence their activities for some greater purpose.
  • The Illuminati appear in the Deus Ex series of video games as the chief organization behind many conspiracies. Such conspiracies included the assassination of John F Kennedy, the manipulation of global communication and the creation of a separate conspiracy known as Majestic-12.
  • In the MMORPG The Secret World, the Illuminati is one of the three playable factions.
  • References to the Illuminati can be found throughout the video game Grand Theft Auto V, such as buildings and in some character involvement.
  • The Illuminati are canonical in the Warhammer 40,000 Universe.
  • the assassin's creed same logo for illuminati .
  • Music

    Accord to Brian McManus, the book Behold A Pale Horse was popular among rappers in the 1990s.

    List of songs featuring the word "Illuminati"

  • Immortal Technique – "Cause of Death"
  • Meek Mill – "Fender Up"
  • "Illuminati wanted my mind, soul, and body
    They ask me would I trade it for all for a Maserati"

  • Young Jeezy – "Never Die"
  • "Guess they find it odd how a nigga beat the odds
    No Illuminati never been a fan of Satan"

  • Beyoncé – "Formation"
  • "Y'all haters corny with that Illuminati mess"</poem>

  • Pusha T – "Doesn't Matter"
  • Hopsin – "Nocturnal Rainbows"
  • Gamma Ray is a metal band which has created an album about the New World Order conspiracy theory called No World Order. The first song, "Introduction", has the following lyrics:
  • Madonna – "Illuminati" – released on iTunes on 20 December 2014. The chorus includes the lyric: "It’s like everybody in this party's shining like Illuminati." Two days later she commented that she considered Illuminati to refer to enlightenment thinkers, rather than a conspiratorial group.
  • The belief of the influence of the Illuminati can be considered a conspiracy theory, a form of engaging in collective behavior. Value-added theory, a term coined by Neil Smelser, can be used to explain the prevalence of the Illuminati in rap lyrics. Structural conduciveness, which is established by the shared culture of hip hop, provides the first step for a rumor to occur. The vehicle of hip hop being used to spread conspiracy theories is not new due to the history of mistrust that is present between the black community and the government. Structural strain is provided by the economic disparities that exist between the black community and the rest of America. The theory of the Illuminati influencing hip hop is then used as a way to explain why some make it out of the 'hood and some do not. Accelerated pluralism is established through the use of information communication technologies spreads the generalized belief that the Illuminati influence hip hop. The belief of the Illuminati influencing hip hop is so engrained in pop culture society that rappers such as Meek Mill have to say "I don't have to join the illuminati just to get a new Bugatti", just to prove that he is free from external masonic influences.


    Illuminati in popular culture Wikipedia

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