Neha Patil (Editor)

IAI Heron

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Top speed  207 km/h
Range  350 km
Length  8.5 m
Engine type  Rotax 914
Wingspan  17 m
Cruise speed  174 km/h
Unit cost  10,000,000–10,000,000 USD
IAI Heron IAI Heron Machatz1 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAV

Eye in the sky iai heron

The IAI Heron (Machatz-1) is a medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by the Malat (UAV) division of Israel Aerospace Industries. It is capable of Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) operations of up to 52 hours' duration at up to 10.5 km (35,000 ft). It has demonstrated 52 hours of continuous flight, but the effective operational maximal flight duration is less, according to payload and flight profile. There is a new version, Heron TP, also known as IAI Eitan.


IAI Heron IAI Heron UAS Flies Across the Andes UAS VISION

On 11 September 2005, it was announced that the Israel Defense Forces purchased US$50 million worth of Heron systems.

IAI Heron IAI Heron Officially Joins Israel39s Air Force

Iai heron 1 evaluation at emmen

Design and development

IAI Heron HeronShovalEitan

Heron navigates using an internal GPS navigation device, and either a pre-programmed flight profile (in which case the system is fully autonomous from takeoff to landing), manual override from a ground control station, or a combination of both. It can autonomously return to base and land in case of lost communication with the ground station. The system has fully automatic launch and recovery (ALR) and all-weather capabilities.

IAI Heron Israel Sells Heron UAVs to India Sets Record

Heron can carry an array of sensors, including thermographic camera (infrared) and visible-light airborne ground surveillance, intelligence systems (COMINT and ELINT) and various radar systems, totaling up to 250 kg (550 lb). Heron is also capable of target acquisition and artillery adjustment.

IAI Heron httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The payload sensors communicate with the ground control station in real time, using either direct line of sight data link, or via an airborne/satellite relay. Like the navigation system, the payload can also be used in either a fully pre-programmed autonomous mode, or manual real-time remote operation, or a combination of both.

Super Heron

IAI Heron FileA45253 IAI Heron MALE Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAV

At the Singapore Air Show in February 2014, IAI unveiled the Super Heron refinement of the Heron UAS. The Super Heron has a heavy fuel 200 horsepower engine that increases its rate of climb and performance. Its range is 250 km (160 mi) line-of-sight and 1,000 km (620 mi) by satellite control. Endurance is 45 hours at a maximum altitude of 30,000 ft (9,100 m). Cruising speed is 60 to 80 kn (110 to 150 km/h; 69 to 92 mph) and top speed over 150 kn (280 km/h; 170 mph).

Operational history

IAI Heron ADF Serials Message Board gt Iai Heron quotblueyquot Serials

The Heron saw significant use during Operation Cast Lead in Gaza of 2008–2009. During the deployment, each brigade combat team was assigned a UAV squadron for close support. This was the first Israeli operation in which UAVs, helicopters, and fighter jets were allocated to ground forces directly without IAF central command authorizing sorties. Air-support controller teams operated alongside brigade commanders at the front emphasizing the brigade commander's utilization of direct air assets. A high degree of situational awareness was achieved by maintaining at least a dozen UAVs in flight over Gaza at all times. Aerial surveillance was provided by Heron and Hermes 450 UAVs and Apache attack helicopters. Along with coordination between the Air Force and ground troops, Israel ground forces were able to utilize cooperation with the Israel Security Agency by having operatives attached to the forward units. This inter-service coordination allowed for a higher level of tactical awareness and the ability to strike time-critical targets.

Other countries operating the Heron include Singapore, India and Turkey. France operates a derivative of Heron named Eagle or Harfang. In 2008, Canada announced a plan to lease a Heron for use in Afghanistan, starting in 2009. As of mid-2009, Australia leased two Herons as part of a multimillion-dollar lease to operate the vehicles in Afghanistan. In early July 2013, the Heron reached 15,000 flight hours over Afghanistan. Australia concluded its use of the Heron in support of Operation Slipper in Afghanistan on 30 November 2014, after it had accumulated 27,000 flight hours.

Heron variants

  • Turkey operates a special variant of the Heron, which utilizes Turkish-designed and manufactured electro-optical subsystems. For example, the Turkish Herons use the ASELFLIR-300T airborne thermal Imaging and targeting system designed and manufactured by ASELSAN of Turkey. The Turkish Herons also have stronger engines in order to compensate for the added payload created by the heavier ASELFLIR-300T. This is the same FLIR system currently used in the TAI/AgustaWestland T-129 attack helicopter and also the TAI Anka MALE UAV. IAI staff maintain that the Turkish Heron's "with its enhanced performance, is better than all existing Heron UAVs operating worldwide”. Turkish Aerospace Industries (TUSAŞ) provides maintenance and overhaul services for its Herons.
  • EADS Harfang - variant operated by France
  • Operators

  • Azerbaijani Air Forces - five
  •  Australia
  • Royal Australian Air Force – four
  •  Brazil
  • Brazilian Federal Police- 15
  •  Canada
  • Royal Canadian Air Force – formerly operated three; two + still in operation, the rest ceased operation in 2011
  •  Ecuador
  • Ecuadorian Navy – two
  •  Germany
  • German Air Force – three plus two ground stations on an initial one-year lease starting in 2010
  •  India
  • Indian Air Force – 50
  • Indian Navy
  •  Israel
  • Israeli Defence Force – one +
  •  Morocco
  • Royal Moroccan Air Force – three
  •  Singapore
  • Republic of Singapore Air Force – two
  •  Republic of Korea
  • Republic of Korea Army – three on order
  •  Turkey
  • Turkish Air Force – ten
  •  United States
  • United States Navy – two
  • Specifications

    Data from "Heron/Shoval/Eitan". Retrieved 2012-11-18. 

    General characteristics

  • Crew: two on ground
  • Length: 8.5 m (27 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.60 m (54 ft 5 in)
  • Height: ()
  • Max. takeoff weight: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Rotax 914, 86 kW (115 hp)
  • Performance

  • Maximum speed: 207 km/h (113 knots, 130 mph)
  • Range: 350 km (189 nm, 217 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,800 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 150 m/min (492 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 89 kg/m² (18.2 lb/ft²)
  • Endurance: 52 hours
  • Payload: 250 kg (550 lb)
  • References

    IAI Heron Wikipedia