Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Hverfjall

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Location  Iceland
Elevation  420 m
Last eruption  2500 BP
Mountain range  Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Hverfjall wwwdiamondringroadcommyvatnhverfjalljpg
Mountain type  Tephra cone, tuff ring volcano
Similar  Krafla, Leirhnjúkur, Askja, Snæfellsjökull, Kerlingarfjöll

Hverfjall hverfell volcano near myvatn lake and grjotagja cave in iceland drone aerial


Hverfjall (also known as Hverfell) is a tephra cone or tuff ring volcano in northern Iceland, to the east of Mývatn.

Contents

Map of Hverfjall, Iceland

It erupted in 2500 BP in the southern part of the Krafla fissure swarm. The crater is approximately 1 km in diameter.

Tephra has been carried from Hverfjall all over the Lake Myvatn area. A landslide apparently occurred in the south part of the crater during the eruption, which accounts for the disruption to the round shape of the mountain. During the Age of Settlement, lava flowed from Svortuborgir, at the southern end of Namafjall, around Hverfjall, which was nearly engulfed by the lava. At the same time an eruption occurred in the slopes above the valley of Hlidardalur.

The rim of the crater is only accessible by two paths, from the northwest and south. It is strictly forbidden to use other routes in ascent or descent.

M vatn lake hverfjall volcano iceland


References

Hverfjall Wikipedia


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