Neha Patil (Editor)

Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor

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Covid-19
Existed:  2007 – present
Major cities:  Hong Kong, Shenzhen
Total length  5,500 m
Bridge type  Cable-stayed bridge
Body of water  Deep Bay, China
North end:  Dongjiaotou, Shenzhen
Opened  1 July 2007
Longest span  210 m
Location  Yuen Long
Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor wwwjambpcomimgphpwidth1000ampheight1000ampbgff
South end:  Tuen Mun (near Ngau Hom Shek)
Similar  Shekou Port Station, Dongjiaotou Station, Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge, Stonecutters Bridge, Tuen Mun Station

The Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor, colloquially known in Shenzhen as Shenzhen Bay Bridge, is a 5.5-kilometre (3.4 mi), dual three-lane carriageway in Hong Kong. It connects Ngau Hom Shek (traditional Chinese: 鰲磡石; simplified Chinese: 鳌磡石), Hong Kong to an area leased by Hong Kong at Dongjiaotou, which is geographically located in Nanshan, Shenzhen, mainland China. It connects Hong Kong with the border crossing facilities on its border with mainland China, the Shenzhen Bay Control Point.

Contents

Map of Shenzhen Bay Bridge, Hong Kong

The carriageway, together with the Kong Sham Western Highway (formerly known as Deep Bay Link), are part of the Route 10 of the Hong Kong trunk road numbering system, and part of China G4 Jinggang'ao (Beijing - Hong Kong - Macau) Expressway for the 1.6 km section north of Hong Kong - China border.

History and Operation

Construction of the highway bridge began in 2003. The 3.2-kilometre (2.0 mi), Hong Kong section was completed in 2005. The corridor was scheduled for completion in 2006 but owing to the delay in the construction of the Shenzhen section and legal issues about applying the law of Hong Kong in co-location of immigration and customs facilities of Hong Kong and mainland China in Dongjiaotou, it was officially opened on 1 July 2007 by then President Hu Jintao of China and the then Chief Executive of Hong Kong Donald Tsang.

The bridge was constructed separately by Hong Kong and mainland China, according to the maritime border. Upon its opening, the Shenzhen section of the bridge, along with the Shenzhen Bay Control Point, were leased to Hong Kong and made under Hong Kong's jurisdiction for an initial period until 30 June 2047. As such, Hong Kong laws, including traffic laws, instead of the laws of Mainland China, apply on the whole bridge and within the control point.

The biggest section of the link is the 4,770 m (15,650 ft) bridge spanning the Deep Bay. The cable-stayed bridge allows for the southern and northern navigation channels of the Sham Chun River. It can handle 58,600 vehicles and 60,000 cross-boundary tourists per day. The border crossing facilities in Dongjiaotou are separately managed by the Customs and Excise Department and Immigration Department of Hong Kong, and the China Customs.

The biggest operator of the transport corridor is the Gammon Construction-Skanska-MBEC joint venture.

Chinese and Hong Kong Immigration co-location

The Hong Kong Government has to pay rent to Shenzhen government for the use of the area, amounting to about HK$5million per year. The rental agreement lasts until 30 June 2047.

Transport

Four public bus routes run on this corridor. They are operated by the New Lantao Bus Company and Citybus.

  • B2 to and from Yuen Long
  • B2P to and from Tin Shui Wai
  • B3 and B3A to and from various location of Tuen Mun
  • B3X to and from Tuen Mun (express service)
  • A green public light bus route, 618, also operates from Tin Shui Wai new town.

    Hong Kong taxis, minibuses and cross-border buses are allowed access to the corridor; private vehicles must have the correct permit to use the corridor.

    References

    Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor Wikipedia


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