Trisha Shetty

Heuchera

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Saxifragaceae
Higher classification  Saxifragaceae
Order  Saxifragales
Scientific name  Heuchera
Rank  Genus

Lower classifications  Heuchera micrantha, Heuchera villosa, Heuchera americana, Heuchera maxima, Heuchera rubescens

Heuchera perennials 2012 plant of the year


Heuchera /ˈhjuːkrə/ is a genus of evergreen, herbaceous perennial plants in the family Saxifragaceae, all native to North America. Common names include alumroot and coral bells.

Contents

Heuchera 1000 images about Heuchera on Pinterest Gardens Sun and Shade plants

Plant care tips how to grow coral bells heuchera


Description

Heuchera Plantagogocom Specialist Growers of Heucheras Heucherella

Heuchera have palmately lobed leaves on long petioles, and a thick, woody rootstock. The genus was named after Johann Heinrich von Heucher (1677–1746), an 18th-century German physician, and Professor at Wittenberg University. There are approximately 37 species, but the taxonomy of the genus is difficult because the species often intergrade with one another, hybridization is common, and the flowers change markedly in proportion as they develop.

Distribution and habitat

Alumroot species grow in varied habitats, so some species look quite different from one another, and have varying preferences regarding temperature, soil, and other natural factors. H. maxima is found on the Channel Islands of California, where it grows on rocky, windy, saline-washed ocean shores, and H. sanguinea, called coral bells because of its cerise flowers, can be found in the warm, dry canyons of Mexico and adjacent New Mexico and Arizona. In the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, the plants grow best in shade.

Several alumroots and their crosses are used as ornamental plants.

Uses

Heuchera heucherascomwpcontentuploads201501heufr2jpg

Native American peoples used some Heuchera species medicinally. The Tlingit used H. glabra as an herbal remedy for inflammation of the testicles caused by syphilis. To the Navajo, H. novamexicana was a panacea and a pain reliever. The roots of H. cylindrica had a variety of medicinal uses among the Blackfoot, Flathead, Kutenai, Okanagan, Colville, and Shuswap.

Cultivation

Heuchera 1000 images about heuchera on Pinterest Ferns Le39veon bell and

The majority of Heuchera sold for gardens are hybrids of H. americana, such as 'Green Spice'. The original 'Purple Palace' discovered in a palace in England is believed to be a H. micrantha × H. villosa hybrid, which was then crossed with H. americana. Another group of hybrids are crosses of Heuchera with Tiarella treated under the name × Heucherella. Gardeners and horticulturists have developed a multitude of hybrids between various Heuchera species. There is an extensive array of blossom sizes, shapes, and colors, foliage types, and geographic tolerances. They are valued as foliage plants, producing rosettes of leaves in shades of green, pink and bronze, often variegated or textured; with long thyrses of white, green, pink or red flowers in spring.

The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

Selected species

Species include:

Heuchera Versatile colourful Heuchera advice and gardening tips from Alan Down
  • Heuchera abramsii - San Gabriel alumroot
  • Heuchera acutifolia
  • Heuchera alba - white alumroot
  • Heuchera americana - American alumroot
  • Heuchera bracteata - Rocky Mountain alumroot
  • Heuchera brevistaminea - Laguna Mountain alumroot
  • Heuchera caespitosa - tufted alumroot
  • Heuchera caroliniana - Carolina alumroot
  • Heuchera chlorantha - green-flowered alumroot
  • Heuchera cylindrica - roundleaf alumroot, lava alumroot
  • Heuchera eastwoodiae - Senator Mine alumroot
  • Heuchera elegans - urnflower alumroot
  • Heuchera glabra - alpine alumroot
  • Heuchera glomerulata - Chiricahua Mountain alumroot
  • Heuchera grossulariifolia - gooseberryleaf alumroot
  • Heuchera hallii - Front Range alumroot
  • Heuchera hirsutissima - shaggy-haired alumroot
  • Heuchera inconstans
  • Heuchera lakelae
  • Heuchera longiflora - longflower alumroot
  • Heuchera longipetala
  • Heuchera maxima - island alumroot, jill-of-the-rocks
  • Heuchera merriamii - Merriam's alumroot
  • Heuchera mexicana
  • Heuchera micrantha - crevice alumroot, smallflower alumroot
  • Heuchera novomexicana - New Mexico alumroot, range alumroot
  • Heuchera parishii - Mill Creek alumroot
  • Heuchera parviflora - littleflower alumroot
  • Heuchera parvifolia - littleleaf alumroot, common alumroot
  • Heuchera pilosissima - seaside alumroot
  • Heuchera pubescens - downy alumroot
  • Heuchera pulchella - Sandia Mountain alumroot
  • Heuchera richardsonii - Richardson's alumroot
  • Heuchera rosendahlii
  • Heuchera rubescens - pink alumroot, red alumroot, jack-o'the-rocks
  • Heuchera sanguinea - coral bells
  • Heuchera soltisii
  • Heuchera villosa - hairy alumroot, maple-leaved alumroot
  • Heuchera wellsiae
  • Heuchera woodsiaphila
  • Heuchera wootonii - White Mountain alumroot
  • Hybrids include:

  • Heuchera × brizoides
  • References

    Heuchera Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Heuchera abramsii
    Heuchera americana
    Heuchera brevistaminea
    Topics